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Do Bans on Affirmative Action Hurt Minority Students? Evidence from the Texas Top 10% Plan

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  • Cortes, Kalena E.

    ()
    (Texas A&M University)

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    Abstract

    In light of the recent bans on affirmative action in higher education, this paper provides new evidence on the effects of alternative admissions policies on the persistence and college completion of minority students. I find that the change from affirmative action to the Top 10% Plan in Texas decreased both retention and graduation rates of lower-ranked minority students. Results show that both fall-to-fall freshmen retention and six-year college graduation of second-decile minority students decreased, respectively, by 2.4 and 3.3 percentage points. The effect of the change in admissions policy was slightly larger for minority students in the third and lower deciles: fall-to-fall freshmen retention and six-year college graduation decreased, respectively, by 4.9 and 4.2 percentage points. Moreover, I find no evidence in support of the minority "mismatch" hypothesis. These results suggest that most of the increase in the graduation gap between minorities and non-minorities in Texas, a staggering 90 percent, was driven by the elimination of affirmative action in the 1990s.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5021.

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    Length: 38 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2010
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published in: Economics of Education Review, 2010, 29 (6), 1110-1124
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5021

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    Related research

    Keywords: freshmen retention; college quality; Top 10% Plan; affirmative action; college graduation;

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    1. Dominic J. Brewer & Eric Eide & Ronald G. Ehrenberg, 1996. "Does It Pay To Attend An Elite Private College? Cross Cohort Evidence on the Effects of College Quality on Earnings," NBER Working Papers 5613, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Loury, Linda Datcher & Garman, David, 1995. "College Selectivity and Earnings," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 289-308, April.
    3. Jesse Rothstein & Albert Yoon, 2008. "Mismatch in Law School," NBER Working Papers 14275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Dan A. Black & Jeffrey Smith, 2003. "How Robust is the Evidence on the Effects of College Quality? Evidence From Matching," University of Western Ontario, CIBC Centre for Human Capital and Productivity Working Papers, University of Western Ontario, CIBC Centre for Human Capital and Productivity 20033, University of Western Ontario, CIBC Centre for Human Capital and Productivity.
    5. Dee, Thomas S., 2004. "Are there civic returns to education?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(9-10), pages 1697-1720, August.
    6. Dickson, Lisa M., 2006. "Does ending affirmative action in college admissions lower the percent of minority students applying to college?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 109-119, February.
    7. Loury, Linda Datcher & Garman, David, 1993. "Affirmative Action in Higher Education," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 99-103, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. Hinrichs, Peter, 2011. "The effects of attending a diverse college," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 332-341, April.
    2. Pastine, Ivan & Pastine, Tuvana, 2012. "Student incentives and preferential treatment in college admissions," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 123-130.
    3. Alon, Sigal & Malamud, Ofer, 2014. "The impact of Israel's class-based affirmative action policy on admission and academic outcomes," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 123-139.

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