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Complements or Substitutes? Task Specialization by Gender and Nativity in Spain

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  • Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina

    ()
    (San Diego State University)

  • de la Rica, Sara

    ()
    (University of the Basque Country)

Abstract

Learning about the impact of immigration on the labor market outcomes of natives is a topic of major concern for immigrant-receiving countries. There exists an extensive literature evaluating the impact of immigration on the employment and wages of natives in the U.S. Yet, despite the significant degree of occupational segregation by gender regardless of workers' origin, the literature has traditionally treated male and female immigrants as a homogenous group when examining the impact of immigration on native workers. Instead, using data from Spain, where the immigrant population has risen from 4 percent to 10 percent of the population within a decade, we allow for male and female foreign-born workers to have distinct impacts on the employment patterns of native men and women. This proves to be important as foreign-born workers only seem to have a significant impact on the employment pattern of native workers of the same sex. Furthermore, foreign-born male (female) workers do not appear to be perfect substitutes of similarly skilled native male (female) workers, which may help explain the null or small impacts of immigration on native employment and wages. Instead, immigration appears to have affected the task specialization and occupational distribution of natives of the same gender.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4348.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Labour Economics, 2011, 18 (5), 697-707
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4348

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Keywords: complements; task specialization; gender; immigration; substitutes; Spain;

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References

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  1. De la Rica Goiricelaya, Sara & Amuedo Dorantes, Catalina, 2008. "Does Immigration Raise Natives’ Income? National and Regional Evidence from Spain," DFAEII Working Papers 2008-07, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Francesc Ortega & Javier G. Polavieja, 2009. "Labor-market exposure as a determinant of attitudes toward immigration," Working Papers 2009-14, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales.
  2. repec:ese:iserwp:2014-12 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Hipólito Simón & Raúl Ramos & Esteban Sanromá, 2011. "Occupational mobility of immigrants in a low skilled economy. The Spanish case," Working Papers 2011/28, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  4. Antonio Caparrós Ruiz & Mª Lucía Navarro Gómez, 2010. "Movilidad ocupacional de los inmigrantes en España," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5, in: María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Greg (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 44, pages 873-890 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
  5. de la Rica, Sara & Glitz, Albrecht & Ortega, Francesc, 2013. "Immigration in Europe: Trends, Policies and Empirical Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 7778, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Ortega, Francesc & Peri, Giovanni, 2013. "Migration, Trade and Income," IZA Discussion Papers 7325, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Libertad González & Francesc Ortega, 2014. "How do Open Economies Adjust to Large Immigration Flows? Sectoral Specialization, Household Services, and Other Mechanisms," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(2), pages 03-09, 07.
  8. Rosa Sanchis-Guarner, 2014. "First-Come First-Served: Identifying the Demand Effect of Immigration Inflows on House Prices," SERC Discussion Papers 0160, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  9. Jesús Ruiz-Huerta & Rosa Martínez, 2014. "Multidimensional poverty in immigrant households: a comparative analysis within the Europe 2020 framework," CIRANO Working Papers 2014s-18, CIRANO.
  10. Antón, José-Ignacio & Muñoz de Bustillo, Rafael & Carrera, Miguel, 2010. "Raining stones? Female immigrants in the Spanish Labor Market," MPRA Paper 20582, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Guadalupe Serrano & Francisco Requena & Joan Martin-Montaner, 2010. "Immigration, factor endowments and the productive structure of Spanish regions," Working Papers 1003, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  12. Olga Alonso-Villar & Coral Río, 2013. "Occupational segregation in a country of recent mass immigration: evidence from Spain," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 109-134, February.
  13. Ortega, Francesc & Peri, Giovanni, 2014. "Openness and income: The roles of trade and migration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(2), pages 231-251.
  14. Catia Nicodemo & Raul Ramos, 2012. "Wage differentials between native and immigrant women in Spain: Accounting for differences in support," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 33(1), pages 118-136, June.
  15. Javier Vázquez-Grenno, 2012. "Job search methods in times of crisis: native and immigrant strategies in Spain," Working Papers 2012/19, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  16. Roxana Gutiérrez-Romero, 2012. "Determinants of Spanish Firms' Life Cycle and Job Creation: A Pseudo-Panel Approach," Working Papers wpdea1209, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.

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