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Circular Migration or Permanent Return: What Determines Different Forms of Migration?

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  • Vadean, Florin

    ()
    (University of Kent)

  • Piracha, Matloob

    ()
    (University of Kent)

Abstract

This paper addresses the following questions: To what extent do the socio-economic characteristics of circular/repeat migrants differ from migrants who return permanently to the home country after their first trip (i.e. return migrants)? and What determines each of these distinctive temporary migration forms? Using Albanian household survey data and both a multinomial logit model and a maximum simulated likelihood (MSL) probit with two sequential selection equations, we find that education, gender, age, geographical location and the return reasons from the first migration trip significantly affect the choice of migration form. Compared to return migrants, circular migrants are more likely to be male, have primary education and originate from rural, less developed areas. Moreover, return migration seems to be determined by family reasons, a failed migration attempt but also the fulfillment of a savings target.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4287.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Gil Epstein and Ira N. Gang (eds.): Migration and Culture, Frontiers of Economics and Globalization, Vol. 8, Emerald Publishing, Bingley, 2010, 467-495
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4287

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Keywords: return migration; circular migration; sample selection;

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  1. Djajic, Slobodan & Milbourne, Ross, 1988. "A general equilibrium model of guest-worker migration : The source-country perspective," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(3-4), pages 335-351, November.
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  3. Matloob Piracha & Florin Vadean, 2009. "Return Migration and Occupational Choice," Studies in Economics, Department of Economics, University of Kent 0905, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
  4. Dustmann, Christian, 2003. "Return migration, wage differentials, and the optimal migration duration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 353-369, April.
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  7. Constant, Amelie & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2007. "Circular Migration: Counts of Exits and Years Away from the Host Country," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6438, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  13. Dustmann, Christian, 1997. "Return migration, uncertainty and precautionary savings," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 295-316, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Piracha, Matloob & Vadean, Florin, 2010. "Return Migration and Occupational Choice: Evidence from Albania," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 1141-1155, August.
  2. Anna Klabunde, 2014. "Computational Economic Modeling of Migration," Ruhr Economic Papers, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen 0471, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  3. Tocco, Barbara & Bailey, Alastair & Davidova, Sophia, 2013. "The Reallocation of Agricultural Labour across Sectors: An Empirical Strategy for Micro Data," Working Papers, Factor Markets, Centre for European Policy Studies 155703, Factor Markets, Centre for European Policy Studies.
  4. Lee, Sang-Hyop & Sukrakarn, Nopparat & Choi, Jin-Young, 2011. "Repeat migration and remittances: Evidence from Thai migrant workers," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 142-151, April.
  5. Borodak, Daniela & Piracha, Matloob, 2013. "Who Moves and For How Long: Determinants of Different Forms of Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 7388, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Constant, Amelie F. & Nottmeyer, Olga & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2012. "The Economics of Circular Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 6940, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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