Do Immigrants Take the Jobs of Native Workers?
AbstractIn this paper, we focus on the short-run adjustments taking place at the workplace level when immigrants are employed. Specifically, we analyse whether individual native workers are replaced or displaced by the employment of immigrants within the same narrowly defined occupations at the workplace. For this purpose, we estimate a competing risks duration model for job spells of native workers that distinguishes between job-to-job and job-to-unemployment transitions. In general, we do not find any signs of native workers being displaced by immigrants. Furthermore, we find only very limited signs of replacement of native workers by immigrants. Instead, in particular low-skilled native workers are less likely to lose or leave their jobs when the firms hire immigrants.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4111.
Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision:
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-04-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2009-04-18 (Development)
- NEP-LAB-2009-04-18 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2009-04-18 (Economics of Human Migration)
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- Giulia Bettin & Alessia Lo Turco & Daniela Maggioni, 2012.
"A Firm-Level Perspective on Migration,"
Development Working Papers
328, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 27 Mar 2012.
- Cécily Defoort & Carine Drapier, 2012. "Immigration and its dependence on the welfare system: the case of France," Working Papers hal-00995293, HAL.
- Kim, Jungho, 2013. "Employment Effects of Low-Skilled Immigrants in Korea," IZA Discussion Papers 7287, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Martins, Pedro S. & Piracha, Matloob & Varejão, José, 2012.
"Do Immigrants Displace Native Workers? Evidence from Matched Panel Data,"
IZA Discussion Papers
6644, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Pedro S. Martins, Matloob Piracha and José Varejão, 2013. "Do Immigrants Displace Native Workers? Evidence from Matched Panel Data," Working Papers 44, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Business and Management, Centre for Globalisation Research.
- Sofie Bødker & Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen & Jan Rose Skaksen, 2013. "Fiscal Costs and Benefits of High Skilled Immigration to a Generous Welfare State," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2013006, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
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