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The Changing Nature of the School-to-Work Transition Process in OECD Countries

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Author Info

  • Quintini, Glenda

    ()
    (OECD)

  • Martin, John P.

    ()
    (University College Dublin)

  • Martin, Sébastien

    ()
    (OECD)

Abstract

Despite the fact that today’s young cohorts are smaller in number and better educated than their older counterparts, high youth unemployment remains a serious problem in many OECD countries. This reflects a variety of factors, including the relatively high proportion of young people leaving school without a basic education qualification, the fact that skills acquired in initial education are not always well adapted to labour market requirements, as well as general labour market conditions and problems in the functioning of labour markets. The paper highlights the contrasting trends in youth labour market performance over the past decade using a wide range of indicators. It also presents new evidence on i) the length of transitions from school to work; and ii) the degree to which temporary jobs serve as either traps for young people or stepping-stones to good careers. In addition, the paper reviews some recent policy innovations to improve youth employment prospects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2582.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2582

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Related research

Keywords: youth labour market; school-to-work transition; temporary and permanent contracts; apprenticeship; youth labour market programmes;

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References

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  1. Betcherman, Gordon & Olivas, Karina & Dar, Amit, 2004. "Impacts of active labor market programs : new evidence from evaluations with particular attention to developing and transition countries," Social Protection Discussion Papers 29142, The World Bank.
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  14. Chiswick, Barry R & Miller, Paul W, 1985. "Immigrant Generation and Income in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 61(173), pages 540-53, June.
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  16. David S. Lee, 2005. "Training, Wages, and Sample Selection: Estimating Sharp Bounds on Treatment Effects," NBER Working Papers 11721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  1. Los dos caminos de los jóvenes
    by Octavio Medina in Politikon on 2012-05-24 14:06:52
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