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Does Foreign Direct Investment Affect Wage Inequality? An Empirical Investigation

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  • Figini, Paolo

    ()
    (University of Bologna)

  • Görg, Holger

    ()
    (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)

Abstract

We use a panel of more than 100 countries for the period 1980 to 2002 to analyse the relationship between inward foreign direct investment (FDI) and wage inequality. We particularly check whether this relationship is non-linear, in line with a theoretical discussion. We find that the effect of FDI differs according to the level of development: we depict two different patterns, one for OECD (developed) and one for non-OECD (developing) countries. Results suggest the presence of a non linear effect in developing countries; wage inequality increases with FDI inward stock but this effect diminishes with further increases in FDI. For developed countries, wage inequality decreases with FDI inward stock and there is no robust evidence to show that this effect is non-linear.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2336.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: World Economy, 2011, 34 (9), 1455-1475
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2336

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Keywords: foreign direct investment; multinational firms; wage inequality;

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Cited by:
  1. Decreuse, Bruno & Maarek, Paul, 2008. "FDI and the labor share in developing countries: a theory and some evidence," MPRA Paper 11224, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Adriana Peluffo, 2013. "Foreign direct investment, productivity, demand for skilled labour and wage inequality: an analysis for Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 13-02, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  3. Ali, Hamid E. & Lin, Eric S., 2010. "Wars, foodcost and countervailing policies: A panel data approach," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 378-390, October.
  4. Gabriela López Noria, 2011. "The Effect of Trade and FDI on Inter-industry Wage Differentials: The Case of Mexico," Working Papers 2011-10, Banco de México.
  5. Dierk Herzer & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2013. "Inward and outward FDI and income inequality: evidence from Europe," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 149(2), pages 395-422, June.

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