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Effects of Family, Friends, and Relative Prices on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by African Americans

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  • Zhylyevskyy, Oleksandr
  • Jensen, Helen H.
  • Garasky, Steven
  • Cutrona, Carolyn E.
  • Gibbons, Frederick X.

Abstract

We investigate the effects of parents, best friends, and relative prices on fruit and vegetable consumption by African American youths using behavioral data from the Family and Community Health Study, and area-specific food prices from the Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database. We construct a simultaneous equation ordered probit model that accounts for social interactions in fruit and vegetable consumption and specific aspects of the available food intake data. We estimate statistically significant endogenous consumption effects between a youth and a parent. Lower relative prices tend to increase intakes, particularly in the case of vegetables; however, the statistical significance of these effects is marginal. The results suggest the existence of social multipliers in fruit and vegetable consumption in African American families. The presence of these multipliers supports the design of youth-parent based interventions to increase fruit and vegetable intake by African Americans. Additionally, intake also may be increased through relative price reductions.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4284/0038-4038-2011.277
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 35560.

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Date of creation: 17 Jul 2013
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Publication status: Published in Southern Economic Journal, July 2013, vol. 80 no. 1, pp. 226-251
Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:35560

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Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
Fax: +1 515.294.0221
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Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.edu
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