High Employment Generating Industries in Portugal. An Input-Output Approach
AbstractAn increase in the unemployment rate is one of the most serious consequences of macroeconomic crises. In Portugal, the impact of the deep recession of 2009 has been particularly strong. In this paper, after quantifying this macroeconomic problem, an input-output approach is used in order to identify the high employment generating (or destructing) industries. This approach is particularly interesting because it considers not only the direct flows of job creation and destruction, but also the employment changes attributable to the indirect and induced effects of interindustry connections (the flows of intermediate inputs’ supply and demand). Using the so-called hypothetical extraction (or “shut-down of industry”) method and the employment and input-output data of the Portuguese economy, the key sectors in terms of multipliers, elasticities and the creation of jobs are identified. The empirical results of this paper can be useful in improving the policy responses to the crisis and implementing the most appropriate measures to stimulate the economy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon in its series Working Papers Department of Economics with number 2011/24.
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Department of Economics, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, University of Lisbon, Rua do Quelhas 6, 1200-781 LISBON, PORTUGAL
Web page: https://aquila1.iseg.ulisboa.pt/aquila/departamentos/EC
input-output analysis; hypothetical extraction; employment Classification-C67; D57;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- emp - - - - - -
- Cla - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - - - -
- D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
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Working Papers Department of Economics
2010/12, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
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- Abbas Valadkhani, 2002. "Identifying Australia’s High Employment Generating Industries," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 119, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
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- João Carlos Lopes & João Ferreira do Amaral, 2013. "The Structure and Evolution of Production, Employment and Human Capital in Portugal: an Input-Output Approach," Working Papers Department of Economics 2013/24, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
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