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Identification of Strategic Industries: A Dynamic Perspective

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  • Bart Los

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Abstract

Every once in a while, national governments face difficult decision problems regarding financial support of important domestic firms or even entire national national industries. Similar problems are often faced by regional or urban governments. Given these problems, it is important to get indications of the societal value of industries. In principle, input-output tables provide a lot of information in revealing the linkages between industries. On the basis of these tables, various measures of the value of industries have been derived. One of these measures is found by applying the 'hypothetical extraction method', originally proposed by Strassert (Jahrb.Nat.Stat., 1968) and refined and applied by, among others, Milana (MetrEc., 1985), Groenewold, Hagger & Madden (Reg.Stud., 1987) and Dietzenbacher & Van der Linden (J.Reg.Sci., 1997). This approach has two major drawbacks. First, it is a purely static approach, in which technological progress does not play a role at all. Second, it assumes that output and employment levels are purely demand-determined. In this paper, I propose a biregional supply-side input-output model with two factors of production (high-skilled and low-skilled labor) and interregional interindustry technology spillovers. Applying hypothetical extraction methods to this model yields an alternative framework for identifying important sectors in a dynamic sense.

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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa01p112.

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Date of creation: Aug 2001
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa01p112

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  1. Bart Los & Bart Verspagen, 2006. "The Evolution Of Productivity Gaps And Specialization Patterns," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(4), pages 464-493, November.
  2. Dietzenbacher, Erik, 1992. "The measurement of interindustry linkages : Key sectors in the Netherlands," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 419-437, October.
  3. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "The Search for R&D Spillovers," NBER Chapters, in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 251-268 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Meller, Patricio & Marfan, Manuel, 1981. "Small and Large Industry: Employment Generation, Linkages, and Key Sectors," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 29(2), pages 263-74, January.
  5. Erik Dietzenbacher & Alex R. Hoen & Bart Los, 2000. "Labor Productivity in Western Europe 1975-1985: An Intercountry, Interindustry Analysis," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 425-452.
  6. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1992. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," NBER Working Papers 3993, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Keld Laursen & Valentina Meliciani, 2002. "The relative importance of international vis-ý-vis national technological spillovers for market share dynamics," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(4), pages 875-894, August.
  8. Raa, T. ten & Wolff, E.N., 2000. "Engines of growth in the U.S. economy," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-85426, Tilburg University.
  9. Robert Stehrer, 2001. "Industrial specialisation, trade, and labour market dynamics in a multisectoral model of technological progress," Economics working papers 2001-02, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  10. Soete, Luc & Verspagen, Bart & Weel, Bas ter, 2009. "Systems of Innovation," MERIT Working Papers 062, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  11. Jan Fagerberg, 1999. "The Economic Challenge for Europe: Adapting to Innovation-Based Growth," Working Papers 2, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  12. Bart Los & Bart Verspagen, 2000. "R&D spillovers and productivity: Evidence from U.S. manufacturing microdata," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 25(1), pages 127-148.
  13. Bart Los, 2001. "Endogenous Growth and Structural Change in a Dynamic Input-Output Model," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 3-34.
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Cited by:
  1. Miguel, Francisco Javier de & Llop Llop, Maria & Manresa, Antonio, 1954-, 2011. "Simulating the Impact of Sectorial Productivity Gains on Two Regional Economies: Key Sectors from a Supply Side Perspective," Working Papers 2072/169681, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
  2. Valerija Botric, 2013. "Identifying Key Sectors in Croatian Economy Based on Input-Output Tables," Working Papers 1302, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb.

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