Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Acordo de Livre-Comércio Mercosul-União Européia : Uma Estimativa dos Impactos no Comércio Brasileiro


Author Info

  • Honório Kume
  • Pedro Miranda
  • Marta Reis Castilho


Em maio de 2004, o Mercosul e a União Européia apresentaram ofertas de liberalizaçãocomercial recíproca com o objetivo de alcançar um acordo de livre-comércio. Estetrabalho se propõe a avaliar o impacto dessas ofertas sobre o comércio exterior brasileiro.Os resultados obtidos indicam uma exportação adicional de US$ 903 milhões, sendo42% decorrentes de vendas de etanol, cuja efetivação dependerá de mudanças na políticaambiental da União Européia, enquanto o aumento da importação atingiria US$ 1,3bilhão. A análise demonstra que, em relação a bens, a negociação envolve dois acordosdistintos: um de liberalização bastante abrangente para produtos industrializados e outrode uma liberalização bastante restrita para os produtos da agroindústria. Essedesequilíbrio seria, provavelmente, agravado se o setor de serviços tivesse sido incluídonessa avaliação. In May 2004, the Mercosur and the European Union made their last offers in theirnegotiations for trade liberalization aiming to reach a Free Trade Agreement in the nearfuture. In this paper the authors intend to evaluate the impacts of both offers on theBrazilian foreign trade. The estimated results indicate additional exports of US$ 903million, 42% of which consisting of sales of just one product: ethanol. Nevertheless, theincrease in ethanol exports depends on changes in demand provoked by theimplementation of a new environmental policy in the European Union. The additionalBrazilian imports were estimated in US$ 1,3 billion. The analysis shows that the ongoing negotiations on goods clearly involve two different agreements: one of anambitious liberalization for industrialized products and another of a quite restrictedliberalization for agricultural processed goods. The unbalanced results would probablyworsen if the service sector had been included in the analysis.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1054.

as in new window
Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1054

Contact details of provider:
Postal: SBS - Quadra 01 - Bloco J - Ed. BNDES, Brasília, DF - 70076-90
Phone: +55(061)315-5000
Fax: +55(61)321-1597
Web page:
More information through EDIRC

Related research


Other versions of this item:

Find related papers by JEL classification:


References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Grilli,Enzo R., 1993. "The European Community and the Developing Countries," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521385114, April.
  2. Bernard Hoekman & Francis Ng & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2002. "Eliminating Excessive Tariffs on Exports of Least Developed Countries," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 16(1), pages 1-21, June.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. De Almeida, Eduardo Simoes & Guilhoto, Joaquim, 2013. "O Custo De Transporte Como Barreira Ao Comércio Na Integração Econômica: O Caso Do Nordeste," 44th Congress, July 23-27, 2006, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil 146589, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
  2. Honório Kume & Guida Piani & Pedro Miranda, 2005. "Índia-Mercosul: Perspectivas de um Acordo de Preferências Comerciais," Discussion Papers 1120, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.


This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1054. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.