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Monetary policy, macroeconomic policy mix and economic performance in the Euro area

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  • Eckhard Hein

    ()
    (IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation)

  • Achim Truger

    ()
    (IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation)

Abstract

In order to explain slow growth and high unemployment in the Euro area, in particular if compared to the USA, we follow a macroeconomic policy view focussing on the more restrictive stance of monetary, fiscal and wage policies in the Euro area. In the present paper we focus on the particular role of monetary policy, because the European Central Bank (ECB) seems to be the major obstacle to higher growth and employment. Analysing the macroeconomic policy mix, wage policies and fiscal policies are taken into account at the outset, but then the determinants of ECB policies are assessed in more detail. Our analysis confirms that it is the ECB's overemphasising a too low inflation target which is a major problem for macroeconomic performance in the Euro area. The ECB is too exclusively occupied with inflation and wage developments and pays too little attention to the development of real variables. In order to improve growth and employment and to limit the risks of deflation in the largest economy of the Euro area, Germany, it is therefore required that the ECB raises its inflation target and that the central bank focuses more on real economic activity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute in its series IMK Working Paper with number 06-2006.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: May 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imk:wpaper:06-2006

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Keywords: Monetary policy; macroeconomic policy mix; Euro area;

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Cited by:
  1. Hein, Eckhard & Truger, Achim, 2010. "Finance-dominated capitalism in crisis: The case for a Global Keynesian New Deal," IPE Working Papers 06/2010, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE).
  2. Gomes, Orlando, 2007. "On the stability of endogenous growth models: an evaluation of the agents’ response to output fluctuations," MPRA Paper 2891, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Hein, Eckhard, 2011. "Distribution, ‘Financialisation’ and the Financial and Economic Crisis – Implications for Post-crisis Economic Policies," MPRA Paper 31180, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Pusch, Toralf, 2008. "EZB contra Gewerkschaften? Mit Reputationsaufbau zur Vollbeschäftigung in Europa," Working Papers on Economic Governance 29, University of Hamburg, Department of Socioeconomics.

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