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Vom Krisenherd zum Wunderwerk?


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  • Alexander Herzog-Stein
  • Fabian Lindner
  • Simon Sturn
  • Till van Treeck


Trotz der größten Wirtschaftskrise nach dem 2. Weltkrieg ist die Beschäftigung in Deutschland nicht gefallen. In anderen europäischen Ländern, die sogar weniger von der Wirtschaftskrise betroffen waren, ist die Beschäftigung stark gesunken. Dieses "Arbeitsmarktwunder" erklärt sich durch die schnelle Reduzierung der Arbeitszeit ("interne Flexibilität") und das Horten von Arbeitskräften durch die Hinnahme einer geringeren Produktivität. Die Reduzierung der Arbeitszeit hat etwa 1,1 Millionen Arbeitsplätze gerettet, das Arbeitskräftehorten an die 2 Millionen. Die Arbeitszeit wurde vor allem mit den Instrumenten Kurzarbeit, Arbeitszeitkonten und der Veränderung der betrieblichen Regelarbeitszeit erreicht. All diese Instrumente waren aber nicht Teil der Arbeitsmarktreformen Hartz I-IV. Somit können die Reformen den Arbeitsmarkterfolg in der Großen Rezession nicht erklären. Auch die Lohnmoderation der letzten Jahre, die durch die Reformen verstärkt wurde, hat kaum geholfen. Sie hat im Konjunkturzyklus vor der Krise die Beschäftigungsentwicklung sogar belastet.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute in its series IMK Report with number 56-2010.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imk:report:56-2010

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  1. Marcello Estev�o & Filipa Sá, 2008. "The 35-hour workweek in France: Straightjacket or welfare improvement?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 23, pages 417-463, 07.
  2. Zemanek, Holger & Belke, Ansgar & Schnabl, Gunther, 2009. "Current Account Imbalances and Structural Adjustment in the Euro Area: How to Rebalance Competitiveness," IZA Policy Papers 7, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Gustav A. Horn & Heike Joebges & Torsten Niechoj & Christian R. Proaño & Simon Sturn & Silke Tober & Achim Truger & Till van Treeck, 2009. "Von der Finanzkrise zur Weltwirtschaftskrise (I)," IMK Report 38-2009, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  4. Volker Meinhardt & Katja Rietzler & Rudolf Zwiener, 2009. "Konjunktur und Rentenversicherung - gegenseitige Abhängigkeiten und mögliche Veränderungen durch diskretionäre Maßnahmen," IMK Studies 03-2009, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  5. Gustav Horn & Camille Logeay & Silke Tober, 2007. "Methodological Issues of Medium-Term Macroeconomic Projections - The Case of Potential Output," IMK Studies 04-2007, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  6. Gustav A. Horn & Heike Joebges & Camille Logeay & Simon Sturn, 2008. "Frankreich: Ein Vorbild für Deutschland?," IMK Report 31-2008, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  7. Erik Klär & Jiri Slacalek, 2006. "Entwicklung der Sparquote in Deutschland: Hindernis für die Erholung der Konsumnachfrage," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 73(40), pages 537-543.
  8. Lucio Baccaro, 2003. "What is Alive and What is Dead in the Theory of Corporatism," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 41(4), pages 683-706, December.
  9. Eckhard Hein & Achim Truger, 2009. "How to Fight (or Not to Fight) a Slowdown," Challenge, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 52(3), pages 52-75, May.
  10. Schreiber, Sven, 2008. "Did work-sharing work in France? Evidence from a structural co-integrated VAR model," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 478-490, June.
  11. Askenazy, Philippe, 2008. "A Primer on the 35-Hour in France, 1997–2007," IZA Discussion Papers 3402, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Martin Dietz & Michael Stops & Ulrich Walwei, 2010. "Safeguarding Jobs through Labor Hoarding in Germany," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 61(Supplemen), pages 125-166.
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Cited by:
  1. Michael C. Burda & Jennifer Hunt, 2011. "What Explains the German Labor Market Miracle in the Great Recession," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 42(1 (Spring), pages 273-335.
  2. Ulrike Stein & Sabine Stephan & Rudolf Zwiener, 2012. "Zu schwache deutsche Arbeitskostenentwicklung belastet Europäische Währungsunion und soziale Sicherung," IMK Report 77-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  3. Gustav A. Horn & Peter Hohlfeld & Fabian Lindner & Katja Rietzler & Sabine Stephan & Silke Tober & Andrew Watt, 2012. "Im Sog der Krise," IMK Report 74-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  4. Gustav A. Horn & Sebastian Gechert & Alexander Herzog-Stein & Katja Rietzler & Silke Tober & Sabine Stephan & Andrew Watt, 2013. "Inmitten der Krise des Euroraums - Herausforderungen für die Wirtschaftspolitik 2013," IMK Report 79-2013, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  5. IMK Düsseldorf & OFCE Paris & WIFO Wien, 2012. "Fiscal Pact Deepens Euro Area Crisis," IMK Report 71e-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  6. IMK Düsseldorf & OFCE Paris & WIFO Wien, 2012. "Fiskalpakt belastet Euroraum," IMK Report 71-2012, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.


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