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Les déterminants de la croissance régionale et l’intégration Européenne : 1986-1995

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Author Info

  • Bernard Gauthier

    ()
    (IEA, HEC Montréal)

  • Alain Lapointe

    ()
    (IEA, HEC Montréal)

  • Frédéric Laurin

Abstract

Cet article évalue dans quelle mesure l’intégration économique européenne renforce ou atténue les différentiels de croissance entre les régions. En se basant sur les nouvelles théories du commerce international (Krugman et Helpman, 1985, Grossman et Helpman, 1990, 1991 et 1995, Krugman, 1991), de la « géographie économique » (Krugman et Venables, 1995, 1996), et de la croissance endogène (Romer, 1990, Lucas, 1988), cet article démontre que l’intensité des économies d’agglomération contribue à expliquer les variations du taux de croissance industriel au sein des régions NUTS2 de l’Union européenne entre 1986 et 1995. On observe qu’une structure diversifiée – i.e. non sur-spécialisée - et compétitive tend à stimuler la croissance de l’emploi régional. L’étude empirique révèle également la présence de forces d’agglomération alors que les industries semblent se concentrer au sein de « districts industriels ». On remarque tout de même un phénomène de convergence économique en faveur des régions à bas salaires ou moins développées.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HEC Montréal, Institut d'économie appliquée in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 01-06.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iea:carech:0106

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Postal: Institut d'économie appliquée HEC Montréal 3000, Chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine Montréal, Québec H3T 2A7
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References

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  1. Glaeser, Edward L. & Scheinkman, JoseA. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1995. "Economic growth in a cross-section of cities," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 117-143, August.
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    • Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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  14. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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  16. Caballero, R.J. & Lyons, R.K., 1989. "Internal Versus External Economies In European Industry," Discussion Papers 1989_10, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
  17. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
  18. Grossman, G.M. & Helpman, E., 1988. "Comparative Advantage And Long-Run Growth," Papers 39-88, Tel Aviv.
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  21. Martin Hallet, 2000. "Regional specialisation and concentration in the EU," European Economy - Economic Papers 141, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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