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Integration, Regional Specialization and Growth Differentials in EU Acceding Countries: Evidence from Hungary

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  • Anna Iara

    ()

  • Iulia Traistaru

    ()

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of market integration on regional production structures and regional growth differentials in Hungary over the period 1994-2000. Our analysis indicates a relocation of manufacturing towards border regions, in particular towards regions bordering the European Union. On average, regional manufacturing specialization increased. We find a positive relationship between knowledge spillovers proxyed with a measure of foreign direct investment intensity and regional growth as well as between regional manufacturing specialization and regional growth. The change in regional specialization is also positively related to regional growth. Our empirical results show that on average, other things equal, high growth rates are associated with high initial levels of GDP per capita. This finding shows up even when controlling for regional economic structures, change in manufacturing specialization, the degree of openness and geographical proximity to western markets. Our research suggests that in the first stage of market integration divergence forces tend to prevail leading to relative winners and losers across space. Key words: Economic integration, Location of economic activity, Regional growth JEL Classification: F15, R11, R12

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa04p298.

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Date of creation: Aug 2004
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa04p298

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Cited by:
  1. Rita De Siano & Marcella D'Uva, 2010. "Specialization and growth in Italy: what spatial econometric analysis tells us," Discussion Papers 1_2010, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
  2. Soltwedel, Rüdiger & Krieger-Boden, Christiane, 2007. "The impact of European integration and enlargement on regional structural change and cohesion: EURECO. Final report," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 4243, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  3. Vassilis Monastiriotis, 2011. "Regional Growth Dynamics in Central and Eastern Europe," Europe in Question Discussion Paper Series of the London School of Economics (LEQs) 3, London School of Economics / European Institute.
  4. Csáki, Csaba & Fogács, Csaba (ed.), 2008. "Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned. Proceedings (Volume II)," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Leib­niz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), volume 44, number 92319.
  5. Anna Iara, 2005. "Regional growth in Hungary - The impact of European economic integration," ERSA conference papers ersa05p342, European Regional Science Association.

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