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Engel's law, Petty's law, and agglomeration

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  • Murata, Yasusada

Abstract

This paper presents a model of structural change and agglomeration. A decline in transportation costs, by enhancing consumers' purchasing power, leads to Engel's law of the demand shift from agricultural to non-agricultural goods. At the same time, the decline in transportation costs, by enlarging the extent of the market for non-agricultural goods, induces Petty's law of the labor reallocation from agriculture to non-agricultural activities. These structural transformations weaken dispersion forces given by farmers tied to the land, whereas they strengthen agglomeration forces generated by footloose non-agricultural workers. Thus, a substantial decline in transportation costs gives rise to agglomeration of non-agricultural activities.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Development Economics.

Volume (Year): 87 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (August)
Pages: 161-177

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Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:87:y:2008:i:1:p:161-177

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/devec

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Cited by:
  1. Holger Breinlich & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano & Jonathan R.W. Temple, 2013. "Regional growth and regional decline," Economics Discussion Papers 729, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
  2. Holger Breinlich & Alejandro Cuñat, 2012. "Geography, Non-Homotheticity, and Industrialization: A Quantitative Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 3927, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. F. Mureddu & F. Cerina, 2009. "Is Agglomeration really good for Growth? Global Efficiency, Interregional Equity and Uneven Growth," Working Paper CRENoS 200913, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  4. F. Cerina & F. Mureddu, 2008. "Agglomeration and Growth with Endogenous Expenditure Shares," Working Paper CRENoS 200820, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  5. F. Cerina & F. Mureddu, 2011. "Structural Change and Growth in a NEG model," Working Paper CRENoS 201118, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  6. Motamed, Mesbah J. & Florax, Raymond J.G.M. & Masters, William J., 2009. "Geography and Economic Transition: Global Spatial Analysis at the Grid Cell Level," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49589, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  7. LATZER, Hélène & MAYNERIS, Florian, 2012. "Income distribution and vertical comparative advantage. Theory and evidence," CORE Discussion Papers 2012034, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  8. Pflüger, Michael & Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 2010. "The size of regions with land use for production," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 481-489, November.

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