Growing locations: Industry location in a model of endogenous growth
AbstractThis paper constructs a model of endogenous growth and endogenous industry location where the two interact. We show that with global spillovers in R&D, a high growth rate and a high level of transaction costs are associated with relocation of the newly created firms to the South (the location with a low initial human capital). With local spillovers in R&D, this activity will be agglomerated in the North and the rate of innovation will increase with the concentration of firms in the North. This in turn implies that a decrease of transaction costs through, for example, trade integration, will increase the growth rate because it leads to a higher industrial concentration of firms where the R&D is located. We show that industrial concentration improves welfare only for low enough transaction costs and high enough spillovers.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal European Economic Review.
Volume (Year): 43 (1999)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eer
Other versions of this item:
- Martin, Philippe & Ottaviano, Gianmarco Ireo Paolo, 1996. "Growing Locations: Industry Location in a Model of Endogenous Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 1523, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
- O30 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
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