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Growing locations: Industry location in a model of endogenous growth

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  • Martin, Philippe
  • I.P. Ottaviano, Gianmarco

Abstract

This paper constructs a model of endogenous growth and endogenous industry location where the two interact. We show that with global spillovers in R&D, a high growth rate and a high level of transaction costs are associated with relocation of the newly created firms to the South (the location with a low initial human capital). With local spillovers in R&D, this activity will be agglomerated in the North and the rate of innovation will increase with the concentration of firms in the North. This in turn implies that a decrease of transaction costs through, for example, trade integration, will increase the growth rate because it leads to a higher industrial concentration of firms where the R&D is located. We show that industrial concentration improves welfare only for low enough transaction costs and high enough spillovers.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 43 (1999)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 281-302

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:43:y:1999:i:2:p:281-302

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eer

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  1. Jaffe, Adam B & Trajtenberg, Manuel & Henderson, Rebecca, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-98, August.
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    • Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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  17. Martin, Philippe & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I P, 2001. "Growth and Agglomeration," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 42(4), pages 947-68, November.
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