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Regional specialization and concentration of industrial activity in accession countries

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  • Traistaru, Iulia
  • Nijkamp, Peter
  • Longhi, Simonetta

Abstract

Since 1990, Central and East European economies have experienced increasing integration with the European Union via trade and direct foreign investments. The spatial implications of this process have not been investigated in-depth so far. Have patterns of regional specialization changed over the period 1990-1999? Has a relocation of manufacturing activity taken place? What are the determinants of regional specialization and industrial concentration patterns? This paper identifies and explains the effects of economic integration on patterns of regional specialization and the geographic concentration of manufacturing in Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Romania and Slovenia. Using a specially created data base, we find evidence of regional relocation of industries, leading to higher average regional specialization in Bulgaria and Romania and lower average regional specialization in Estonia. In Hungary and Slovenia the average regional specialization has not changed significantly. Our results indicate that both factor endowments and geographic proximity to European core determine the location of manufacturing in accession countries. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn in its series ZEI Working Papers with number B 16-2002.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zeiwps:b162002

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Related research

Keywords: Regional specialization; Location of industrial activity; Accession countries;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michael H. Stierle & Ulrike von Schütz, 2003. "Regional specialisation and sectoral concentration: an empirical analysis for the enlarged EU," ERSA conference papers ersa03p317, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Peter Huber, 2007. "Regional Labour Market Developments in Transition: A Survey of the Empirical Literature," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 4(2), pages 263-298, September.
  3. Sanguinetti, Pablo & Volpe Martincus, Christian, 2009. "Tariffs and manufacturing location in Argentina," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 155-167, March.
  4. Anna Iara & Iulia Traistaru, 2004. "Integration, Regional Specialization and Growth Differentials in EU Acceding Countries: Evidence from Hungary," ERSA conference papers ersa04p298, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Dan Zheng, 2011. "The Dynamics of Economic Policy and Regional Specialization: Evidence from China¡¯s High-tech Industry," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1086, European Regional Science Association.

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