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Technology and Trade

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  • Gene M. Grossman
  • Elhanan Helpman

Abstract

We survey research on the relationship between technology and trade. We begin with the old literature, which treated the state of technology as exogenous and asked how changes in technology affect the trade pattern and welfare. Recent research has attempted to endogenize technological progress which results either from learning- by-doing or from investments in research and development. This allows one to examine not only how technology affects trade, but also how trade affects the evolution of technology. We emphasize the parallels between the models with learning-by-doing and those with explicit R&D and highlight the role that the geographic extent of knowledge spillovers plays in mediating the relationship between trade and technological progress.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 4926.

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Date of creation: Nov 1994
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Publication status: published as G. Grossman and K. Rogoff, eds., Handbook of International Economics, vol. 3, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1995, pp. 1279-1337.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:4926

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  1. Davis, Donald R., 1995. "Intra-industry trade: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Ricardo approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 201-226, November.
  2. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Brezis, Elise S & Krugman, Paul R & Tsiddon, Daniel, 1993. "Leapfrogging in International Competition: A Theory of Cycles in National Technological Leadership," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1211-19, December.
  4. Antonio Ciccone & Kiminori Matsuyama, 1995. "Start-up costs and pecuniary externalities as barriers to economic development," Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra 142, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  5. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1993. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 83(1), pages 302-04, March.
  6. Jeffrey I. Bernstein & Pierre Mohnen, 1994. "International R & D Spillovers between U.S. and Japanese R & D intensive sectors," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques 9406, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
  7. Dinopoulos, Elias & Oehmke, James F. & Segerstrom, Paul S., 1993. "High-technology-industry trade and investment : The role of factor endowments," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-2), pages 49-71, February.
  8. Deardorff, Alan V, 1992. "Welfare Effects of Global Patent Protection," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 59(233), pages 35-51, February.
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  1. Produttività e export
    by Alberto Bagnai in Goofynomics on 2014-08-17 17:54:00
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