Congestion Pricing and Net Neutrality
AbstractWe consider a network that intermediates traffic between content producers and consumers. The content is heterogenous in the cost of traffic. While, consumers do not know the traffic cost when deciding on consumption, a content producer knows his cost but may not con- trol the consumption. The network observes only the resulting total cost of traffic and can charge a congestion price to one or both of the parties, along with an ex-ante hook-up fee to consumers. We fi rst show that, if the content is a paid content, the network charges only the content producers and capping congestion prices for content in this case is sub-optimal. In the case of free content, the network extracts some rent from content with congestion prices and may exclude some content. We show that there is efficient or excessive exclusion of traffic. We then endogenize the choice of business model by allowing the content producers to choose between a paid model and a free model. In this case, the network charges higher congestion prices to content but the cost is smaller as some content can stay under a paid model that would be excluded otherwise. At last, we characterize an optimal mechanism which consists in letting the content producers choose between di¤erent public cate- gories associated with different congestion prices for content and for consumers.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse in its series IDEI Working Papers with number 735.
Date of creation: Jun 2012
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- Choi, Jay & Jeon, Doh-Shin & Kim, Byung-Cheol, 2012. "Internet Interconnection and Network Neutrality," TSE Working Papers 12-355, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
- Choi, Jay & Jeon, Doh-Shin & Kim, Byung-Cheol, 2012. "Internet Interconnection and Network Neutrality," IDEI Working Papers 753, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
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