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Capital Investment and Equilibrium Unemployment

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  • Jósef Sigurdsson

Abstract

Econometric analysis of cross-country data reveals a robust long-term relationship between capital investment and unemployment. This paper studies this relationship within a search and matching model of the labor market. In the model developed, firms employ labor for two purposes: for production of a final good and for production of capital. Quantitative analysis shows that an increase in growth of capital-production technology increases capital formation and employment in capital production, reducing unemployment in equilibrium. The model is therefore successful in generating the negative long-run investment-unemployment relationship found in macroeconomic data.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Central bank of Iceland in its series Economics with number wp61.

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Date of creation: Feb 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ice:wpaper:wp61

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  1. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2007. "The Unemployment Volatility Puzzle: Is Wage Stickiness the Answer?," CEP Discussion Papers dp0839, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Christopher A. Pissarides & Giovanna Vallanti, 2007. "The Impact Of Tfp Growth On Steady-State Unemployment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 48(2), pages 607-640, 05.
  3. Marika Karanassou & Hector Sala & Pablo F. Salvador, 2008. "Capital accumulation and unemployment: new insights on the Nordic experience," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(6), pages 977-1001, November.
  4. Herbertsson, Tryggvi Thor & Zoega, Gylfi, 2002. "The Modigliani 'puzzle'," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 76(3), pages 437-442, August.
  5. Hawkins, William B. & Acemoglu, Daron, 0. "Search with multi-worker firms," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society.
  6. Christopher A. Pissarides & Barbara Petrongolo, 2001. "Looking into the Black Box: A Survey of the Matching Function," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(2), pages 390-431, June.
  7. Marika Karanassou & Hector Sala & Dennis J. Snower, 2002. "Unemployment in the European Union: A Dynamic Reappraisal," Working Papers 480, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  8. Marika Karanassou & Hector Sala & Dennis J. Snower, 2003. "Unemployment in the European Union: Institutions, Prices, and Growth," Working Papers 493, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  9. Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2010. "R&D, Unemployment, and Labor Market Policies," Working Papers EMS_2010_04, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
  10. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 1991. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284345.
  11. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, January.
  12. Ron Smith & Gylfi Zoega, 2009. "Keynes, investment, unemployment and expectations," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(4), pages 427-444.
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