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Trade Liberalisation and Employment Effects in Ukraine

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  • Atanas Christev
  • Olga Kupets
  • Hartmut Lehmann

Abstract

This paper addresses a controversial issue in the current literature, namely the effects of trade liberalisation on labour market job flows. It studies the case of Ukraine where we view the sudden openness of the economy to trade as a quasi-natural experiment. We use disaggregated data on manufacturing industries and customs data on trade flows according to the shifting trade patterns after the disintegration of CMEA trade regime. We provide some first evidence that 3-digit NACE sector job flows are driven by idiosyncratic factors within industries. Other things equal, there is increased labour shedding as larger non-state share in industry relates to less job creation and more job destruction. Trade openness does affect job flows in Ukrainian manufacturing disproportionately according to trade orientation. We find that while trade with CIS decreases job destruction, trade with the EU increases excess reallocation mainly through job creation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University in its series CERT Discussion Papers with number 0506.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:hwe:certdp:0506

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Keywords: Job creation; job destruction; Ukraine; trade flows;

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Cited by:
  1. Novella Bottini & Michael Gasiorek, 2009. "Trade And Job Reallocation: Evidence For Morocco," Working Papers 492, Economic Research Forum, revised Jun 2009.
  2. Hartmut Lehmann & Alexander Muravyev & Klaus Zimmermann, 2012. "The Ukrainian longitudinal monitoring survey: towards a better understanding of labor markets in transition," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 1-15, December.
  3. Tom Coupé & Hannah Vakhitova, 2013. "Costs and Benefits of Labour Mobility between the EU and the Eastern Partnership Partner Countries. Country report: Ukraine," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0464, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
  4. Kőrösi, Gábor, 2005. "Vállalati munkahelyteremtés és -rombolás
    [Corporate job creation and job destruction]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 825-845.

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