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On the Effect of Nonstationary Initial Conditions in Dynamic Panel Data Models

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  • Kazuhiko Hayakawa

Abstract

In this paper, we consider dynamic panel data models with possibly nonstationary initial conditions. We derive the asymptotic properties of the GMM estimators with various kinds of instruments when both N and T are large, where N and T denote the dimensions of the cross section and time series. We find that when initial conditions are nonstationary and the degree of heterogeneity, which is measured by the variance ratio of individual effects to the disturbances, is large, the biases and variances of the GMM estimators become small. We demonstrate that this is because the correlation between the lagged dependent variable and instruments gets larger due to the unremoved individual effects. This implies that the instruments become strong when initial conditions are nonstationary and the degree of heterogeneity is large. For the purpose of comparison, we also derive the asymptotic properties of the within groups and the LIML estimators. Numerical studies are conducted to assess the properties of these estimators.

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File URL: http://hi-stat.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/research/discussion/2007/pdf/D07-245.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series with number d07-245.

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Date of creation: Mar 2008
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Handle: RePEc:hst:hstdps:d07-245

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Keywords: Dynamic panel data models; many instruments; generalized method of moments estimator; nonstationary initial conditions; degree of heterogeneity.;

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References

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  12. Hayakawa, Kazuhiko, 2007. "Small sample bias properties of the system GMM estimator in dynamic panel data models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 32-38, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Daron Acemoglu & Suresh Naidu & Pascual Restrepo & James A. Robinson, 2014. "Democracy Does Cause Growth," NBER Working Papers 20004, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Okajima, Shigeharu & Okajima, Hiroko, 2013. "Estimation of Japanese price elasticities of residential electricity demand, 1990–2007," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 433-440.
  3. Hayakawa, Kazuhiko, 2009. "On the effect of mean-nonstationarity in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 153(2), pages 133-135, December.

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