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Inlation in Hong Kong, SAR- In Search of a Transmission Mechanism

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  • Hans Genberg

    (Graduate Institute of International Studies, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

  • Laurent Pauwels

    (Graduate Institute of International Studies)

Abstract

Inflation in a country with a currency board is usually believed to be highly dependent on external factors. Important questions for understanding the dynamics of inflation are (i) how best to measure these factors and (ii) how to model the transmission mechanism. This paper brings evidence to both questions. First, the paper shows that using CPI-based measures of foreign inflation does not adequately capture external influences on inflation in Hong Kong. Second, the paper shows that import prices and wages have a significant causal role. Together these conclusions suggest that Hong Kong¡¦s price dynamics can be modeled by a Phillips Curve in which marginal cost of production plays an important role. When we estimate a New Phillips curve model for Hong Kong, a significant forward-looking component to expectations is identified. In addition, we find that prices are relatively flexible in HK, with adjustments taking place almost twice as fast as in the United States. Finally import prices and property rental rates appear to be important components of marginal cost of production alongside wages. More traditional versions of the Phillips curve also fit the data quite well. Even in this traditional specification, however, measures based on changes in production cost outperform measures of excess demand as forcing variables.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research in its series Working Papers with number 012003.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:012003

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  1. Deardorff, A.V., 1995. "Determinants of Bilateral Trade : Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?," Papers 95-05, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
  2. Gourieroux, Christian & Monfort, Alain, 1981. "On the Problem of Missing Data in Linear Models," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(4), pages 579-86, October.
  3. Rodríguez, Francisco & Rodrik, Dani, 1999. "Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Sceptic's Guide to the Cross-National Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 2143, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Kearl, J R, et al, 1979. "A Confusion of Economists?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(2), pages 28-37, May.
  5. Pritchett, Lant, 1996. "Measuring outward orientation in LDCs: Can it be done?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 307-335, May.
  6. Alston, Richard M & Kearl, J R & Vaughan, Michael B, 1992. "Is There a Consensus among Economists in the 1990's?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 203-09, May.
  7. Griliches, Zvi, 1986. "Economic data issues," Handbook of Econometrics, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 25, pages 1465-1514 Elsevier.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Hans Genberg, 2003. "Foreign Versus Domestic Factors as Souces of Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Hong Kong," Working Papers 172003, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  2. Hans Genberg & Laurent L. Pauwels, 2003. "An Open Economy New Keynesian Phillips Curve: Evidence from Hong Kong," IHEID Working Papers 03-2003, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  3. Weshah A. Razzak, 2003. "Wage-Price Dynamics, the Labour Market and Deflation in Hong Kong," Working Papers 242003, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  4. Paul D. McNelis, 2009. "Structural Change and Counterfactual Inflation-Targeting in Hong Kong," Working Papers 232009, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  5. Gerlach-Kristen, Petra, 2006. "Internal and external shocks in Hong Kong: Empirical evidence and policy options," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 56-75, January.

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