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Board Formation and Its Endogeneity: An Empirical Study of Russian Firms

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  • Iwasaki, Ichiro

Abstract

The statistically typical form of the board of directors in a Russian joint-stock corporation can be characterized as an open managerial supervisory body with a balanced membership of executive corporate officers and outsider directors. In reality, however, there are only a very limited number of Russian firms with this "average" type of corporate boards. The vast majority of Russian joint-stock corporations are either governed by a board of directors with an extremely high outsider directorship or completely dominated by insider directors. Behind this polarization in board composition lie heated struggles for supremacy among management, stockholders, and outsider directors. In stark contrast to corporate systems in developed countries, which ensure effective managerial discipline through the spontaneous systemization of a well-balanced corporate governance structure, those in Russia, which are entrenched by deep-seated mutual distrust between insiders and outsiders, tend to cause excessively time- and energy-consuming conflicts. In this sense, the distinctive adaptability of the bargaining model in transitional Russia reflects the underdevelopment of its social and economic system.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series CEI Working Paper Series with number 2007-1.

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Length: 36, [19] p.
Date of creation: Apr 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hit:hitcei:2007-1

Note: First Draft April, 2007
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Keywords: Russia; board formation; endogeneity; agency theory; bargaining model;

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References

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  1. Prevost, Andrew K. & Rao, Ramesh P. & Hossain, Mahmud, 2002. "Determinants of board composition in New Zealand: a simultaneous equations approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 373-397, November.
  2. Denis, David J. & Sarin, Atulya, 1999. "Ownership and board structures in publicly traded corporations," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 187-223, May.
  3. Abe, Naohito & Dolgopyatova, Tatiana G. & Iwasaki, Ichiro, 2007. "The Internal Control System of Russian Corporations," Discussion Paper Series b36, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  4. Anil Shivdasani & David Yermack, 1998. "CEO Involvement in the Selection of New Board Members: An Empirical Analysis," New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires 98-059, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business-.
  5. Hossain, Mahmud & Prevost, Andrew K. & Rao, Ramesh P., 2001. "Corporate governance in New Zealand: The effect of the 1993 Companies Act on the relation between board composition and firm performance," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 119-145, April.
  6. Brickley, James A. & Coles, Jeffrey L. & Jarrell, Gregg, 1997. "Leadership structure: Separating the CEO and Chairman of the Board," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 189-220, June.
  7. Baker, Malcolm & Gompers, Paul A, 2003. "The Determinants of Board Structure at the Initial Public Offering," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 46(2), pages 569-98, October.
  8. Ichiro Iwasaki, 2007. "Enterprise Reform And Corporate Governance In Russia: A Quantitative Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(5), pages 849-902, December.
  9. Hans van Ees & Theo J.B.M. Postma & Elmer Sterken, 2003. "Board Characteristics and Corporate Performance in the Netherlands," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 29(1), pages 41-58, Winter.
  10. Yermack, David, 1996. "Higher market valuation of companies with a small board of directors," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 185-211, February.
  11. Sergei Guriev & Andrei Rachinsky, 2005. "The Role of Oligarchs in Russian Capitalism," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 19(1), pages 131-150, Winter.
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Cited by:
  1. Vernikov, Andrei, 2007. "Corporate governance and control in Russian banks," MPRA Paper 10028, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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