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Carrot or stick? Redistributive transfers versus policing in contexts of civil unrest

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  • Patricia Justino

    ()
    (Institute of Development Studies)

Abstract

Recurrent episodes of civil unrest significantly reduce the potential for economic growth and poverty reduction. Yet the economics literature offers little understanding of what triggers civil unrest in society and how to prevent it. This paper provides a theoretical analysis in a dynamic setting of the merits of redistributive transfers in preventing the onset of (and reducing) civil unrest and compare it with policies of more direct intervention such as the use of police. We present empirical evidence for a panel of Indian states, where conflict, transfers and policing are treated as endogenous variables. Our empirical results show, in the medium-term, redistributive transfers are both a more successful and cost-effective means to reduce civil unrest. Policing is at best a short-term strategy. In the longer term, it may trigger further social discontent.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Households in Conflict Network in its series HiCN Working Papers with number 33.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:33

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Keywords: Transfers; policing; conflict; unrest; India; panel data;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Patricia Justino, 2012. "Shared Societies and Armed Conflict: Costs, Inequality and the Benefits of Peace," Working Papers, Maastricht School of Management 2012/35, Maastricht School of Management.
  2. Jean-François Maystadt, 2008. "Does inequality make us rebel? A revisited theoretical model applied to South Mexico," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 41, Households in Conflict Network.
  3. Borany Penh, 2009. "New Convergences in Poverty Reduction, Conflict, and State Fragility: What Business Should Know," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 89(4), pages 515-528, March.

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