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Making Climate Policy Efficient Implementing a Model for Environmental Policy Efficiency

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Author Info

  • Hansson, Sven Ove

    (National Institute of Economic Research)

  • Edvardsson Björnberg, Karin

    (National Institute of Economic Research)

  • Vredin Johansson, Maria

    ()
    (National Institute of Economic Research)

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    Abstract

    We propose a framework for studies of efficiency in environmental poli-cies in the form of an iterative “policy cycle”. The policy cycle’s six ma-jor elements are goal-setting, choice of policy instruments (informa-tion/communication, voluntary agreements, economic instruments and regulation), enforcement, changes in behaviour of public and private agents, effects of policy measures and, finally, evaluation. Through itera-tions of the policy cycle (or parts of it), efficiency in environmental poli-cies can be improved. The policy cycle is applied to climate policies, both mitigation and adaptation and we identify important areas for future research.

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    File URL: http://www.konj.se/download/18.587b3d0a1325af354a580005284/WP_125.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by National Institute of Economic Research in its series Working Paper with number 125.

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    Length: 33 pages
    Date of creation: 01 Sep 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:nierwp:0125

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    Postal: National Institute of Economic Research, P.O. Box 3116, SE-103 62 Stockholm, Sweden
    Phone: 46-(0)8-453 59 00
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    Web page: http://www.konj.se/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Policy cycle; environmental efficiency; mitigation; adaptation; goal-setting; voluntary agreements; regulation; behavioural change; evaluation;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

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    1. Lawrence H. Goulder & Ian W. H. Parry & Roberton C. Williams III & Dallas Burtraw, 1998. "The Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative Instruments for Environmental Protection in a Second-Best Setting," NBER Working Papers 6464, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Östblom, Göran, 2009. "Nitrogen and sulphur outcomes of a carbon emissions target excluding traded allowances -- The Swedish case 2020," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(8-9), pages 2382-2389, June.
    3. Gray, Wayne B. & Deily, Mary E., 1996. "Compliance and Enforcement: Air Pollution Regulation in the U.S. Steel Industry," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 96-111, July.
    4. Peterson, Thomas D. & Rose, Adam Z., 2006. "Reducing conflicts between climate policy and energy policy in the US: The important role of the states," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 619-631, March.
    5. Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard & Vesterdal, Morten, 2003. "How to design greenhouse gas trading in the EU?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(14), pages 1531-1539, November.
    6. Eckert, Heather, 2004. "Inspections, warnings, and compliance: the case of petroleum storage regulation," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 232-259, March.
    7. Forslund, Johanna & Samakovlis, Eva & Johansson, Maria Vredin, 2008. "Is it wise to combine environmental and labour market policies? An analysis of a Swedish subsidy programme," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(3), pages 547-558, April.
    8. Maxim, Laura & Spangenberg, Joachim H. & O'Connor, Martin, 2009. "An analysis of risks for biodiversity under the DPSIR framework," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 12-23, November.
    9. William K. Jaeger, 2004. "Optimal Environmental Taxation from Society's Perspective," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(3), pages 805-812.
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