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Effects of informal eldercare on female labor supply in different European welfare states

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  • Kotsadam, Andreas

    ()
    (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

Using advanced panel data methods on ECHP (European Community Household Panel) data, female labor force participation at both the intensive and extensive margin is found to be negatively associated with informal caregiving to elderly. The effects of informal caregiving seem to be more negative in the Southern European countries, less negative in the Nordic countries, and in between these extremes in the Central European countries included in the study. That is, not only do women in some countries provide more care, the care they provide also has a stronger negative correlation with the probability of being employed and the number of hours worked. It is argued in this paper that a candidate explanation for the phenomenon of lower marginal effects in countries with more formal care and less pronounced gendered care norms has to do with the degree of coercion in the caring decision.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 353.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 06 Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0353

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Postal: Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG, Sweden
Phone: 031-773 10 00
Web page: http://www.handels.gu.se/econ/
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Keywords: Informal care; Female labor supply; European welfare states;

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References

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  1. K. Bolin & B. Lindgren & P. Lundborg, 2007. "Informal and Formal Care among Single-living Elderly in Europe," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 07-031/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Agneta Stark, 2005. "Warm Hands In Cold Age — On The Need Of A New World Order Of Care," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 7-36.
  3. Susan L. Ettner, 1996. "The Opportunity Costs of Elder Care," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(1), pages 189-205.
  4. Esping-Andersen, Gosta, 1999. "Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198742005, October.
  5. Annamaria Simonazzi, 2009. "Care regimes and national employment models," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 211-232, March.
  6. Fiona Carmichael & Claire Hulme & Sally Sheppard & Gemma Connell, 2008. "Work�-�life imbalance: Informal care and paid employment in the UK," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 3-35.
  7. Eric Bonsang, 2008. "Does Informal Care from Children to their Elderly Parents Substitute for Formal Care in Europe?," CREPP Working Papers 0801, Centre de Recherche en Economie Publique et de la Population (CREPP) (Research Center on Public and Population Economics) HEC-Management School, University of Liège.
  8. Carmichael, Fiona & Charles, Sue, 1998. "The labour market costs of community care1," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 747-765, December.
  9. Laura Crespo, 2006. "Caring For Parents And Employment Status Of European Mid-Life Women," Working Papers, CEMFI wp2006_0615, CEMFI.
  10. Heitmueller, Axel, 2007. "The chicken or the egg?: Endogeneity in labour market participation of informal carers in England," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 536-559, May.
  11. Heitmueller, Axel & Inglis, Kirsty, 2004. "Carefree? Participation and Pay Differentials for Informal Carers in Britain," IZA Discussion Papers 1273, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Anxo, Dominique & Flood, Lennart & Mencarini, Letizia & Pailhé, Ariane & Solaz, Anne & Tanturri, Maria Letizia, 2007. "Time Allocation between Work and Family over the Life-Cycle: A Comparative Gender Analysis of Italy, France, Sweden and the United States," IZA Discussion Papers 3193, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Fevang, Elisabeth & Kvrendokk, Snorre & Røed, Knut, 2009. "Informal Care and Labor Supply," HERO On line Working Paper Series, Oslo University, Health Economics Research Programme 2008:8, Oslo University, Health Economics Research Programme.
  14. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
  15. Carmichael, Fiona & Charles, Susan, 2003. "The opportunity costs of informal care: does gender matter?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 781-803, September.
  16. Jill Rubery & Mark Smith & Dominique Anxo & Lennart Flood, 2001. "The Future European Labor Supply: The Critical Role of the Family," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(3), pages 33-69.
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