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Economic Reforms and the Poor

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  • Strauss, Tove

    (Trade Union Institute for Economic Research)

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    Abstract

    This paper analyzes the effects of economic reforms for different income groups. My interest is spurred by the international debate on the social consequences of reforms and the potential adverse effects on poverty in particular. I find that the poor are in general positively affected by trade reforms, inflationary control, and structural reforms, while government consumption reduction affects the poorest income quintile negatively. In countries having undertaken World Bank financed reforms actual income of the poor was higher than predicted. Moreover, as the impact of reforms was strongest on the poor, World Bank support appears to reduce income inequality.

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    File URL: http://swopec.hhs.se/fiefwp/papers/WP164.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Trade Union Institute for Economic Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 164.

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    Length: 25 pages
    Date of creation: 22 Dec 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:fiefwp:0164

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    Related research

    Keywords: Economic reform; Poverty; Income distribution; the World Bank;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. John Weeks, 1997. "Analysis of the Demery and Squire 'Adjustment and Poverty' Evidence," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(6), pages 827-836.
    2. Hansson, Pär, 1999. "Relative Demand for Skills in Swedish Manufacturing: Technology or Trade?," Working Paper Series 152, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    3. S. Baranzoni & P. Bianchi & L. Lambertini, 2000. "Market Structure," Working Papers 368, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    4. Lundborg, Per & Segerstrom, Paul S., 2002. "The growth and welfare effects of international mass migration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 177-204, January.
    5. Edin, Per-Anders & Fredriksson, Peter & Lundborg, Per, 2000. "Trade, Earnings, and Mobility - Swedish Evidence," Working Paper Series 163, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    6. Gustavsson, Patrik & Nordström, Jonas, 1999. "The Impact of Seasonal Unit Roots and Vector ARMA Modeling on Forecasting Monthly Tourism Flows," Working Paper Series 150, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research, revised 01 Jul 2000.
    7. Agell, Jonas & Persson, Mats & Sacklén, Hans, 1999. "Labor Supply Prediction when Tax Avoidance Matters," Working Paper Series 1999:16, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    8. Erixon, Lennart, 2000. "The 'Third Way' Revisited. A Revaluation of the Swedish Model in the Light of Modern Economics," Working Paper Series 159, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Lundborg, Per, 1999. "Work Morale and Economic Growth," Working Paper Series 153, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    10. Jesper Antelius & Lars Lundberg, 2003. "Competition, Market Structure and Job Turnover," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 3(3), pages 211-226, September.
    11. Johansson, Sten & Selén, Jan, 2000. "Arbetslöshetsförsäkringen och arbetslösheten - En reanalys av IFAUs studie," Working Paper Series 162, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    12. Lundborg, Per, 2000. "Taxes, Risk Aversion and Unemployment Insurance as Causes of Wage Rigidity," Working Paper Series 160, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    13. Antelius, Jesper, 2000. "Sheepskin Effects in the Returns to Education: Evidence on Swedish Data," Working Paper Series 158, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    14. Agell, Jonas & Lundborg, Per, 1999. "Survey Evidence on Wage Rigidity: Sweden in the 1990s," Working Paper Series 154, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
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    Cited by:
    1. Arai, Mahmood & Thoursie, Peter Skogman, 2005. "Incentives and selection in cyclical absenteeism," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 269-280, April.
    2. Strauss, Tove, 2000. "Structural Reforms, Uncertainty, and Private Investment," Working Paper Series 165, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.

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