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Trade, Earnings, and Mobility - Swedish Evidence

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  • Edin, Per-Anders

    (Uppsala University)

  • Fredriksson, Peter

    (Uppsala University)

  • Lundborg, Per

    (Trade Union Institute for Economic Research)

Abstract

Using a large longitudinal data set, we study the effects of increased trade on earnings and mobility in the Swedish labor market in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Earnings respond significantly to changes in industry sales, whether generated by domestic market forces or international trade: Swedish exports (imports) raise (lower) annual earnings, but changes in trade affect earnings just as any other shift in market conditions. In general, the wage effects are small; the prime response to changes in the product market appears to be variations in employment. We also examine whether trade has differential effects across skill groups. However, we do not find systematic differences in the effects of trade across the earnings distribution.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Trade Union Institute for Economic Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 163.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 18 Dec 2000
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Oxford Economic Papers, 2004, pages 231-241.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:fiefwp:0163

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Keywords: International Trade; Earnings; Mobility;

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References

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  1. Per-Anders Edin & Bertl Holmlund, 1993. "The Swedish Wage Stucture: The Rise and Fall of Solidarity Wage Policy?," NBER Working Papers 4257, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Stephen Machin & John Van Reenen, 1998. "Technology and changes in skill structure: evidence from seven OECD countries," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W98/04, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  3. Hansson, Pär, 1996. "Trade, Technology and Changes in Employment of Skilled Labour in Swedish Manufacturing," Working Paper Series, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research 131, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  5. Hansson, Pär, 1999. "Relative Demand for Skills in Swedish Manufacturing: Technology or Trade?," Working Paper Series, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research 152, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-12, March.
  7. Gottfries, Nils, 1999. "Markets Shares, Financial Constraints, and Pricing Behavior in the Export Market," Working Paper Series, Uppsala University, Department of Economics 1999:15, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  8. Edin, P.-A. & Fredriksson, P., 2000. "LINDA - Longitudinal INdividual DAta for Sweden," Papers, Uppsala - Working Paper Series 2000:19, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  9. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1.
  10. Damien NEVEN, 1994. "Trade Liberalisation with Eastern Nations. How Sensitive ?," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP), Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP 9407, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
  11. Pavitt, Keith, 1984. "Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 343-373, December.
  12. Nickell, Stephen & Bell, Brian, 1995. "The Collapse in Demand for the Unskilled and Unemployment across the OECD," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 40-62, Spring.
  13. Johnson, George & Stafford, Frank, 1999. "The labor market implications of international trade," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 34, pages 2215-2288 Elsevier.
  14. Richard B. Freeman, 1982. "Crime and the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 1031, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1991. "Industrial Wage and Employment Determination in an Open Economy," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market, pages 235-259 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Aiginger, Karl & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf & Zweimüller, Josef, 1995. "East European Trade and the Austrian Labour Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 1168, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Helmut Hofer & Peter Huber, 2003. "Wage and Mobility Effects of Trade and Migration on the Austrian Labour Market," Empirica, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(2), pages 107-125, June.
  2. Strauss, Tove, 2000. "Economic Reforms and the Poor," Working Paper Series, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research 164, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Hesselius, Patrik, 2003. "Does Sick Absence Increase the Risk of Unemployment?," Working Paper Series, Uppsala University, Department of Economics 2003:15, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  4. Strauss, Tove, 2000. "Structural Reforms, Uncertainty, and Private Investment," Working Paper Series, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research 165, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  5. Arai, Mahmood & Skogman Thoursie, Peter, 2001. "Incentives and Selection in Cyclical Absenteeism," Working Paper Series, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research 167, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.

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