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Mega-Events and Sectoral Employment: The Case of the 1996 Olympic Games

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  • Arne Feddersen

    ()
    (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg)

  • Wolfgang Maennig

    ()
    (Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg)

Abstract

This paper contributes to the analysis of large sporting events using highly disaggregated data. We use the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, which are also outstanding as one of the very few large sporting events where ex post academic analysis found significant positive effects. This paper extends earlier studies in several ways. First, monthly rather than quarterly data will be employed. Second, the impact of the 1996 Olympics will be analyzed for 16 different sectors or subsectors. Third, in addition to standard DD models, we use a non-parametric approach to flexibly isolate employment effects. Regarding the Olympic effect, hardly any evidence for a persistent shift in the aftermath of or the preparation for the Olympic Games is supported. We find a significant positive employment effect in the monthly employment statistics exclusively during the staging of the Olympic Games (July 1996). These short-term effects are concentrated in the sectors of “retail trade”, “accommodation and food services”, and “arts, entertainment, and recreation”, while other sectors showed no such effects.

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File URL: http://www.hced.uni-hamburg.de/WorkingPapers/HCED-035.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg in its series Working Papers with number 035.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 15 Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Hamburg Contemporary Economic Discussions, Issue 35, 2010
Handle: RePEc:hce:wpaper:035

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Keywords: Olympic Games; Economic Impact; Ex-post Analysis; Employment; Sectoral Data;

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References

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  1. Michael C. Davis & Christian M. End, 2010. "A Winning Proposition: The Economic Impact Of Successful National Football League Franchises," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 48(1), pages 39-50, 01.
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  3. Arne Feddersen & Wolfgang Maennig, 2007. "Arenas vs. Multifunctional Stadia – Which Do Spectators Prefer?," Working Papers, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg 014, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
  4. Christian Bjornskov & Axel Dreher & Justina A.V. Fischer & Jan Schnellenbach, 2009. "On the relation between income inequality and happiness: Do fairness perceptions matter?," Working Papers, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg 027, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
  5. Dennis Coates & Victor Matheson, 2011. "Mega-events and housing costs: raising the rent while raising the roof?," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 119-137, February.
  6. Ben Dachis & Gilles Duranton & Matthew A. Turner, 2012. "The effects of land transfer taxes on real estate markets: evidence from a natural experiment in Toronto," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(2), pages 327-354, March.
  7. Carlino, Gerald & Coulson, N. Edward, 2004. "Compensating differentials and the social benefits of the NFL," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 25-50, July.
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  10. Dennis Coates & Craig A. Depken, II, 2006. "Mega-Events: Is the Texas-Baylor game to Waco what the Super Bowl is to Houston?," Working Papers, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists 0606, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  11. Robert A. Baade & Victor A. Matheson, 2001. "Home Run or Wild Pitch?," Journal of Sports Economics, , , vol. 2(4), pages 307-327, November.
  12. Robert Baade & Victor Matheson, 2000. "Bidding for the Olympics: Fools Gold?," IASE Conference Papers, International Association of Sports Economists 0007, International Association of Sports Economists.
  13. Dennis Coates, 2006. "The Tax Benefits of Hosting the Super Bowl and the MLB All-Star Game: The Houston Experience," International Journal of Sport Finance, Fitness Information Technology, Fitness Information Technology, vol. 1(4), pages 239-252, November.
  14. Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson & Chihiro Muroi, 2008. "Bowling in Hawaii: Examining the Effectiveness of Sports-Based Tourism Strategies," Working Papers, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics 0808, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  15. Arne Feddersen & Wolfgang Maennig, 2005. "Trends in Competitive Balance: Is there Evidence for Growing Imbalance in Professional Sport Leagues?," Working Papers, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg 0012005, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Olympic Games have no long-term impact on employment
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2010-04-27 14:32:00
  2. The Olympics have no long-term impact on employment
    by Ariel Goldring in Free Market Mojo on 2010-04-30 11:02:32
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Cited by:
  1. Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson, 2013. "Infrastructure Investments and Mega-Sports Events: Comparing the Experience of Developing and Industrialized Countries," Working Papers, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics 1305, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  2. Victor Matheson, 2012. "Assessing the infrastructure impact of mega-events in emerging economies," Working Papers, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics 1203, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.

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