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Bowling in Hawaii: Examining the Effectiveness of Sports-Based Tourism Strategies

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Author Info

  • Robert Baumann

    ()
    (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)

  • Victor Matheson

    ()
    (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)

  • Chihiro Muroi

    ()
    (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)

Abstract

We use daily airplane arrival data from Hawaii’s Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism to determine the net change in tourism for a variety of sporting events. We find two events generate a positive and significant net impact on arrivals: Honolulu Marathon and Pro Bowl. We estimate that the Honolulu Marathon produces between 2,183 and 6,519 in net arrivals while the Pro Bowl attracts about 5,595 to 6,725 in net arrivals. At the upper end of our estimates, the Honolulu Marathon and the Pro Bowl attract a nearly identical number of visitors despite the fact that the HTA spends nearly two-thirds of its budget on the rights to the Pro Bowl and spends nothing for the Hawaii Marathon. Neither event attracts the number of net arrivals claimed by its sponsor, and other sporting events do not generate any identifiable impact on tourist arrivals whatsoever.

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File URL: http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/hcx/Matheson-Baumann_Hawaii.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0808.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Journal of Sports Economics, Vol. 10:1, February 2009, 107-123.
Handle: RePEc:hcx:wpaper:0808

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Phone: (508)793-3362
Fax: (508) 793-3708
Web page: http://www.holycross.edu/departments/economics/website/
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Related research

Keywords: sports; stadiums; impact analysis; mega-event; tourism; marathons; Pro Bowl;

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References

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  1. Wolfgang Maennig, 2007. "One year later: A re-appraisal of the economics of the 2006 soccer World Cup," Working Papers 010, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
  2. Florian Hagn & Wolfgang Maennig, 2007. "Labour Market Effects of the 2006 Soccer World Cup in Germany," Working Papers 008, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
  3. Robert Baade & Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson, 2006. "Selling the Big Game: Estimating the Economic Impact of Mega-Events through Taxable Sales," Working Papers 0610, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  4. Robert Baade & Victor Matheson, 2004. "The Quest for the Cup: Assessing the Economic Impact of the World Cup," IASE Conference Papers 0406, International Association of Sports Economists.
  5. Victor Matheson & Robert Baade, 2004. "Padding Required: Assessing the Economic Impact of the Super Bowl," Working Papers 0403, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  6. Bruce K. Johnson & Peter A. Groothuis & John C. Whitehead, 2001. "The Value of Public Goods Generated by a Major League Sports Team: The CVM Approach," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 2(1), pages 6-21, February.
  7. Gerald Carlino & N. Edward Coulson, 2002. "Compensating differentials and the social benefits of the NFL," Working Papers 02-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  8. Victor Matheson, 2004. "Economic Multipliers and Mega-Event Analysis," Working Papers 0402, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  9. Robert A. Baade & Victor A. Matheson, 2001. "Home Run or Wild Pitch?," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 2(4), pages 307-327, November.
  10. Dennis Coates, 2006. "The Tax Benefits of Hosting the Super Bowl and the MLB All-Star Game: The Houston Experience," International Journal of Sport Finance, Fitness Information Technology, vol. 1(4), pages 239-252, November.
  11. Stephanie Jasmand & Wolfgang Maennig, 2007. "Regional Income and Employment Effects of the 1972 Munich Olympic Summer Games," Working Papers 0712, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  12. Martin Schmidt & David Berri, 2002. "The impact of the 1981 and 1994-1995 strikes on Major League Baseball attendance: a time-series analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(4), pages 471-478.
  13. Peter A. Groothuis & Bruce K. Johnson & John C. Whitehead, 2002. "Public Funding of Professional Sports Stadiums: Public Choice or Civic Pride?," Working Papers 02-09, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
  14. Florian Hagn & Wolfgang Maennig, 2007. "Short-term to long-term employment effects of the Football World Cup 1974 in Germany," Working Papers 0721, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  15. Dennis Coates & Brad R. Humphreys, 2002. "The Economic Impact of Postseason Play in Professional Sports," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 3(3), pages 291-299, August.
  16. Victor Matheson, 2006. "The effects of labour strikes on consumer demand in professional sports: revisited," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(10), pages 1173-1179.
  17. Bruce Johnson & Mike Mondello & John C. Whitehead, 2004. "Contingent Valuation of Sports Stadiums and Arenas: Temporal Embedding and Order Effect," Working Papers 04-15, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University, revised 2005.
  18. Robert A. Baade & Robert Baumann & Victor A. Matheson, 2008. "Selling the Game: Estimating the Economic Impact of Professional Sports through Taxable Sales," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 794-810, January.
  19. John J. Siegfried & Andrew Zimbalist, 2000. "The Economics of Sports Facilities and Their Communities," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 95-114, Summer.
  20. Dennis Coates & Craig A. Depken, II, 2006. "Mega-Events: Is the Texas-Baylor game to Waco what the Super Bowl is to Houston?," Working Papers 0606, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. (Pro) Bowling for Dollars
    by Victor Matheson in The Sports Economist on 2011-06-11 03:16:30
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Cited by:
  1. Robert Baade & Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson, 2008. "Slippery Slope? Assessing the Economic Impact of the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah," Working Papers 0815, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  2. Dennis Coates & Victor Matheson, 2009. "Mega-Events and Housing Costs: Raising the Rent while Raising the Roof?," Working Papers 0903, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  3. Robert Baade & Victor Matheson, 2011. "An Evaluation of the Economic Impact of National Football League Mega-events," Working Papers 1112, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  4. Robert Gasquez & Vicente Royuela, 2012. "Is football an indicator of development at the international level?," Working Papers in Economics 275, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
  5. Arne Feddersen & Wolfgang Maennig, 2013. "Mega-Events And Sectoral Employment: The Case Of The 1996 Olympic Games," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 31(3), pages 580-603, 07.
  6. MATHESON, Victor & PEETERS, Thomas & SZYMANSKI, Stefan, 2012. "If you host it, where will they come from? Mega-Events and Tourism in South Africa," Working Papers 2012015, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.

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