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Contextual appraisal of GM cotton diffusion in South Africa

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Author Info

  • Michel Fok

    ()
    (Systèmes cotonniers - Systèmes cotonniers en petit paysannat - CIRAD : UPR10)

  • Marnus Gouse

    ()
    (Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development - University of Pretoria)

  • Jean-Luc Hofs

    ()
    (Systèmes cotonniers - Systèmes cotonniers en petit paysannat - CIRAD : UPR10)

  • Johann Kirsten

    ()
    (Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development - University of Pretoria)

Abstract

L'essentiel de la production de coton en Afrique du Sud provient des fermiers à production commerciale, il est donc erroné de considérer l'adoption impressionnante de Coton Génétiquement Modifié (CGM) comme un exemple d'utilisation réussie par les petits producteurs. Le secteur coton sud-africain évolue dans un environnement instable de production et de commercialisation, et les petits producteurs en souffrent le plus en raison de leurs ressources financières limitées, de la faiblesse de leur production, de leurs faibles capacités de gestion et de commercialisation et de l'absence de choix de production alternative. La superficie totale en coton et le nombre de producteurs a diminué de manière drastique depuis l'introduction du CGM, ce phénomène amène les observateurs à remettre en cause le soi-disant "success story" du CGM en Afrique du Sud. L'expérience des petits producteurs dans ce pays montre que la seule introduction d'une technologie ne peut accroître durablement une production, les facteurs tels que les arrangements institutionnels jouent un rôle crucial. Les études antérieures avaient mis l'accent exclusivement sur la performance d'une technologie nouvelle en minimisant le rôle l'aspect institutionnel. Les résultats de notre recherche complète les études existantes en indiquant que la rentabilité de l'utilisation du CGM est faible dans un contexte défavorable sur le plan climatique et institutionnel. Ceci nous rappelle que l'agriculture pluviale est sensible aux aléas climatiques et que l'adoption d'une technologie nouvelle dans ces conditions peut accroître le risque financier lié à la production cotonnière.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00176546.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2007
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Publication status: Published, Life Science International Journal, 2007, 1, 4, 468-482
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00176546

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00176546/en/
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Related research

Keywords: coton; Afrique du Sud; OGM; Bt; évaluation d'impact; rentabilité;

References

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  1. William D. McBride & Nora Books, 2000. "Survey evidence on producer use and costs of genetically modified seed," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(1), pages 6-20.
  2. Matin Qaim & Alain de Janvry, 2003. "Genetically Modified Crops, Corporate Pricing Strategies, and Farmers' Adoption: The Case of Bt Cotton in Argentina," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(4), pages 814-828.
  3. Gouse, Marnus & Kirsten, Johann F. & Jenkins, Lindie, 2002. "Bt Cotton In South Africa: Adoption And The Impact On Farm Incomes Amongst Small-Scale And Large Scale Farmers," Working Papers 18022, University of Pretoria, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development.
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Cited by:
  1. Gouse, Marnus, 2013. "Socioeconomic and farm-level effects of genetically modified crops: The case of Bt crops in South Africa," IFPRI book chapters, in: Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin & Gruère, Guillaume P. & Sithole-Niang, Idah (ed.), Genetically modified crops in Africa: Economic and policy lessons from countries south of the Sahara, chapter 1, pages 25-41 International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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