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The Adoption of Genetically Modified Cotton and Poverty Reduction in Pakistan

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Author Info

  • Akhter Ali
  • Awudu Abdulai

Abstract

This article employs a propensity score-matching approach to examine the direct effects of adoption of "Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton on yields, pesticide demand, household income and poverty, using cross-sectional data from a survey of farmers in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Generally, the findings reveal that adoption of the new technology exerts a positive and significant impact on cotton yields, household income and poverty reduction, and a negative effect on the use of pesticides. The positive and significant impact of the technology on yields and household income is consistent with the potential role of new agricultural technology in directly reducing rural poverty through increased farm household income." Copyright (c) 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation (c) 2009 The Agricultural Economics Society.

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File URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1477-9552.2009.00227.x
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Volume (Year): 61 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 175-192

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jageco:v:61:y:2010:i:1:p:175-192

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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0021-857X

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Cited by:
  1. Shane, Mathew & Roe, Terry L. & Langrock, Ines, 2004. "Exchange Rates, Foreign Income, and U.S. Agricultural Trade," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20042, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  2. Keeney, Roman & Hertel, Thomas W., 2006. "Supply Response in Agriculture: Farm-Level and Sector-Wide Adjustment Reconciled," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21179, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  3. Ogutu, Sylvester O. & Okello, Julius K. & Otieno, David J., 2013. "Impact of Information and Communication Technology-based Market Information Services on Smallholder Farm Input Use and Productivity: The Case of Kenya," 2013 AAAE Fourth International Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Hammamet, Tunisia 157770, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
  4. Amare, Mulubrhan & Hohfeld, Lena & Waibel, Hermann, 2011. "Finding Quality Employment through Rural Urban Migration: a case study from Thailand," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 4, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  5. Zhang, Lin & Findeis, Jill L., 2010. "Intra-Household Time Allocation and Labor Migration Decisions in Rural South China," 2010 Annual Meeting, July 25-27, 2010, Denver, Colorado 61520, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  6. Mykerezi, Elton & Mills, Bradford F., 2006. "The Wage Earnings Impact of Historically Black Colleges and Universities," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21471, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  7. Wainaina, Priscilla W. & Okello, Julius Juma & Nzuma, Jonathan M., 2012. "Impact of Contract Farming on Smallholder Poultry Farmers’ Income in Kenya," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126323, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  8. Jonas Kathage & Matin Qaim, 2011. "Are the economic benefits of Bt cotton sustainable? Evidence from Indian panel data," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 80, Courant Research Centre PEG.
  9. Shahzad Kouser & Matin Qaim, 2012. "Valuing financial, health, and environmental benefits of Bt cotton in Pakistan," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 105, Courant Research Centre PEG.
  10. Bakhsh, Khuda, 2011. "Productivity Of Bt Cotton And Its Impacts On Pesticide Use And Farm Returns: Evidence From Pakistani Punjab," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114234, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  11. Kouser, Shahzad & Qaim, Matin, 2012. "Valuing financial, health and environmental benefits of Bt cotton in Pakistan," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126544, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  12. Wainaina, Priscilla W. & Okello, Julius Juma & Nzuma, Jonathan M., 2012. "Impact of Contract Farming on Smallholder Poultry Farmers' Income in Kenya," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126196, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  13. Chen, Susan E. & Florax, Raymond J.G.M. & Snyder, Samantha D., 2007. "Does Where We Live Matter? Understanding the Link Between Obesity and the Market for Food," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 9682, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  14. Ariane, Zingiro & Guthiga, Paul, 2012. "An Assessment of the Impact of Rainwater Harvesting Ponds on Farm Income in Rwanda," 2012 Eighth AFMA Congress, November 25-29, 2012, Nairobi, Kenya 159388, African Farm Management Association (AFMA).
  15. Ibendahl, Gregory A. & Norvell, Jonathan, 2005. "When to Replace Machinery Under Accelerated Deprecation Laws," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 9351, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  16. Krishna, Vijesh V. & Qaim, Matin, 2011. "Pesticide Reduction Sustainability of Bt Technology in India," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114696, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  17. Kassie, Menale & Shiferaw, Bekele & Muricho, Geoffrey, 2011. "Agricultural Technology, Crop Income, and Poverty Alleviation in Uganda," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 1784-1795.
  18. Tanellari, Eftila & Kostandini, Genti & Bonabana, Jackline, 2013. "Gender Impacts on Adoption of New Technologies: Evidence from Uganda," 2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida 143204, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  19. Simtowe, Franklin & Kassie, Menale & Asfaw, Solomon & Shiferaw, Bekele A. & Monyo, Emmanuel & Siambi, Moses, 2012. "Welfare Effects of Agricultural Technology adoption: the case of improved groundnut varieties in rural Malawi," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126761, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  20. Mehta, Shefali V. & Homans, Frances R. & Haight, Robert G. & Polasky, Stephen, 2005. "Optimal Bioeconomic Management Strategies for Prevention and Control of Invasive Alien Species," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19505, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  21. Asfaw, Solomon & Shiferaw, Bekele & Simtowe, Franklin & Lipper, Leslie, 2012. "Impact of modern agricultural technologies on smallholder welfare: Evidence from Tanzania and Ethiopia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 283-295.
  22. Kouser, Shahzad & Qaim, Matin, 2011. "Impact of Bt cotton on pesticide poisoning in smallholder agriculture: A panel data analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(11), pages 2105-2113, September.

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