The Effect of Minimum Legal Drinking Age on the Incidence of First Pregnancy and Its Outcome
AbstractThe minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) requirements can affect teen fertility rates through changes in alcohol-induced risky sexual behavior. The direction of the effect can vary depending on changes in alcohol consumption context and intensity. Using micro-level data, I find that a decrease in the MLDA increases the probability of unwanted first pregnancy among 15-20 year old blacks and poor whites. The effect on non-poor whites is not statistically significant. I find some evidence that the individual eligibility status at the time of first pregnancy rather than the state MLDA might affect fertility among non-poor whites.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa in its series Working Papers with number 2011-6R.
Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision: Jun 2013
Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA); Pregnancy; Fertility; Sexual Behavior; Alcohol Consumption; Discrete Hazard;
Other versions of this item:
- Inna Cintina, 2013. "The Effect of Minimum Legal Drinking Age on the Incidence of First Pregnancy and Its Outcome," Working Papers 201309, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
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- Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
- R. Kaestner, 2000. "A note on the effect of minimum drinking age laws on youth alcohol consumption," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 18(3), pages 315-325, 07.
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