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Beliefs, competition, and bank runs

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  • Bernadino Adao
  • Theodosios Temzelides

Abstract

Within the framework of Diamond-Dybvig (1983), the optimal (run free) outcome is shown to be the unique forward induction equilibrium. In a version of the model that posits Bertrand competition among banks, there are sequential equilibria that imply positive profits. However, the zero-profit contract is supported as the unique equilibrium outcome if the agents' beliefs are restricted to the space of beliefs consistent with the forward induction refinement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia in its series Working Papers with number 95-26.

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Date of creation: 1995
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedpwp:95-26

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Keywords: Bank competition ; Bank deposits;

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References

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  1. David Kreps & Robert Wilson, 1998. "Sequential Equilibria," Levine's Working Paper Archive 237, David K. Levine.
  2. G. Noldeke & L. Samuelson, 2010. "An Evolutionary Analysis of Backward and Forward Induction," Levine's Working Paper Archive 538, David K. Levine.
  3. In-Koo Cho & David M. Kreps, 1997. "Signaling Games and Stable Equilibria," Levine's Working Paper Archive 896, David K. Levine.
  4. R. Aumann, 2010. "Subjectivity and Correlation in Randomized Strategies," Levine's Working Paper Archive 389, David K. Levine.
  5. Green, Edward J. & Lin, Ping, 2003. "Implementing efficient allocations in a model of financial intermediation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 109(1), pages 1-23, March.
  6. Basu, Kaushik & Weibull, Jorgen W., 1991. "Strategy subsets closed under rational behavior," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 141-146, June.
  7. Gul, Faruk & Pearce, David G., 1996. "Forward Induction and Public Randomization," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 43-64, July.
  8. Stephen Morris & Hyun Song Shin, 1995. "Informational events that trigger currency attacks," Working Papers 95-24, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  9. Neil Wallace, 1988. "Another attempt to explain an illiquid banking system: the Diamond and Dybvig model with sequential service taken seriously," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Fall, pages 3-16.
  10. Diamond, Douglas W & Dybvig, Philip H, 1983. "Bank Runs, Deposit Insurance, and Liquidity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(3), pages 401-19, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Todd Kaplan, 2006. "Why banks should keep secrets," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 341-357, January.
  2. Carmona, Guilherme, 2004. "On the Existence of Equilibrium Bank Runs in a Diamond-Dybvig Environment," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp448, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
  3. Carmona, Guilherme, 2007. "Bank failures caused by Large withdrawals: An explanation based purely on liquidity," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(7-8), pages 818-841, September.
  4. Carlos Pimienta & Cristian Litan, 2008. "Conditions for equivalence between sequentiality and subgame perfection," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 539-553, June.
  5. J. Carlos Gonzalez-Pimienta & Cristian M. Litan, 2005. "On The Equivalence Between Subgame Perfection And Sequentiality," Economics Working Papers we052616, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  6. Carmona, Guilherme & Leoni, Patrick, 2003. "Equilibrium Non-Panic Bank Failures," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp424, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
  7. Ngalawa, Harold & Tchana Tchana, Fulbert & Viegi, Nicola, 2011. "Banking Instability and Deposit Insurance: The Role of Moral Hazard," MPRA Paper 31329, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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