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Optimal monetary policy in a model of money and credit

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  • Pedro Gomis-Porqueras
  • Daniel R. Sanches

Abstract

The authors study optimal monetary policy in a model in which fiat money and private debt coexist as a means of payment. The credit system is endogenous and allows buyers to relax their cash constraints. However, it is costly for agents to publicly report their trades, which is necessary for the enforcement of private liabilities. If it is too costly for the government to obtain information regarding private transactions, then it relies on the public information generated by the private credit system. If not all private transactions are publicly reported, the government has imperfect public information to implement monetary policy. In this case, the authors show that there is no incentive-feasible policy that can implement the socially efficient allocation. Finally, they characterize the optimal policy for an economy with a low record-keeping cost and a large number of public transactions, which results in a positive long-run inflation rate.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia in its series Working Papers with number 11-4.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedpwp:11-4

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Keywords: Monetary policy ; Disclosure of information;

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References

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  1. Ping He & Lixin Huang & Randall Wright, 2005. "Money And Banking In Search Equilibrium," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 46(2), pages 637-670, 05.
  2. Wright, Randall, 1999. "Comment on Inside and Outside Money as Alternative Media of Exchange," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 31(3), pages 461-68, August.
  3. Guillaume Rocheteau & Randall Wright, 2004. "Money in search equilibrium, in competitive equilibrium, and in competitive search equilibrium," Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland 0405, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
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  5. Mikhail Golosov & Narayana Kocherlakota & Aleh Tsyvinski, 2002. "Optimal Indirect and Capital Taxation," Levine's Working Paper Archive 391749000000000449, David K. Levine.
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  7. Craig, Ben, 1999. "Comment on Inside and Outside Money as Alternative Media of Exchange," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 31(3), pages 458-60, August.
  8. Narayana R. Kocherlakota, 2003. "Zero Expected Wealth Taxes: A Mirrlees Approach to Dynamic Optimal Taxation," Levine's Bibliography 666156000000000426, UCLA Department of Economics.
  9. Cavalcanti, Ricardo & Erosa, Andres & Temzelides, Ted, . "Private Money and Reserve Management in a Random Matching Model," Working Papers, University of Iowa, Department of Economics 97-17, University of Iowa, Department of Economics, revised Sep 1997.
  10. Irina A. Telyukova & Randall Wright, 2008. "A Model of Money and Credit, with Application to the Credit Card Debt Puzzle," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(2), pages 629-647.
  11. Pere Gomis-Porqueras & Adrian Peralta-Alva, 2008. "Optimal monetary and fiscal policies in a search theoretic model of monetary exchange," Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 2008-015, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  12. Aleksander Berentsen & Gabriele Camera & Christopher Waller, 2005. "Money, Credit and Banking," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 1617, CESifo Group Munich.
  13. Mills, David C., 2007. "A Model In Which Outside And Inside Money Are Essential," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(03), pages 347-366, June.
  14. Aiyagari, S. Rao & Williamson, Stephen D., 2000. "Money and Dynamic Credit Arrangements with Private Information," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 248-279, April.
  15. David Andolfatto, 2009. "Essential interest-bearing money," Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 2009-044, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  16. Araújo, Luis Fernando de Oliveira & Camargo, Braz Ministério de, 2010. "Limited memory and the essentiality of money," Textos para discussão, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) 221, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  17. Monnet, Cyril & Roberds, William, 2008. "Optimal pricing of payment services," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 55(8), pages 1428-1440, November.
  18. Kahn, Charles M. & Roberds, William, 2009. "Why pay? An introduction to payments economics," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 1-23, January.
  19. Ricardo de O. Cavalcanti & Neil Wallace, 1999. "A model of private bank-note issue," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 2(1), pages 104-136, January.
  20. Yiting Li, 2011. "Currency and Checking Deposits as Means of Payment," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 14(2), pages 403-417, April.
  21. Sanches, Daniel & Williamson, Stephen, 2010. "Money and credit with limited commitment and theft," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 145(4), pages 1525-1549, July.
  22. Nosal, Ed & Rocheteau, Guillaume, 2011. "Money, Payments, and Liquidity," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262016281, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Bignon, V. & Breton, R. & Rojas Breu, M., 2013. "Currency Union with and without Banking Union," Working papers, Banque de France 450, Banque de France.
  2. Li, Ying-Syuan & Li, Yiting, 2013. "Liquidity and asset prices: A new monetarist approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 60(4), pages 426-438.

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