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Optimal monetary and fiscal policies in a search theoretic model of monetary exchange

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  • Gomis-Porqueras, Pedro
  • Peralta-Alva, Adrian

Abstract

Search models of monetary exchange commonly assume that terms of trade in anonymous markets are determined via Nash bargaining, which generally causes monetary equilibrium to be inefficient. Bargaining frictions add to the classical intertemporal distortion present in most monetary models, whereby agents work today to obtain cash that can be used only in future transactions. In this paper, we study the properties of optimal fiscal and monetary policy within the framework of Lagos and Wright (2005). We show that fiscal policy can be implemented to alleviate underproduction while money is still essential. If lump sum monetary transfers are available, a production subsidy can restore the efficiency of monetary equilibria. The Friedman rule belongs to the optimal policy set, but higher inflation rates are also possible. When lump-sum monetary transfers are not available, equilibrium allocations are generally not first-best. Nevertheless, fiscal policy still results in substantial welfare gains. Money can be extracted from circulation via a sales tax on decentralized market activities, and the Friedman rule is only optimal if the buyer has relatively low bargaining power.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 54 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (April)
Pages: 331-344

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:54:y:2010:i:3:p:331-344

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eer

Related research

Keywords: Money Bargaining Search Inflation Fiscal policy;

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References

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  1. Randall Wright, 2005. "Introduction To "Models Of Monetary Economies Ii: The Next Generation"," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 46(2), pages 305-316, 05.
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  3. David Andolfatto, 2009. "Essential interest-bearing money," Working Papers 2009-044, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  4. Ritter, Moritz, 2007. "The Optimum Quantity of Money Revisited: Distortionary Taxation in a Search Model of Money," MPRA Paper 1973, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Guillaume Rocheteau & Christopher Waller, 2005. "Bargaining and the value of money," Working Paper 0501, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  6. Joydeep Bhattacharya & Joseph H. Haslag & Antoine Martin, 2004. "Heterogeneity, redistribution, and the Friedman rule," Research Working Paper RWP 04-01, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  7. Ricardo Lagos & Randall Wright, 2005. "A Unified Framework for Monetary Theory and Policy Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(3), pages 463-484, June.
  8. Alberto Trejos & Randall Wright, 1993. "Search, bargaining, money and prices: recent results and policy implications," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, pages 558-584.
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  11. Tai-wei Hu & John Kennan & Neil Wallace, 2009. "Coalition-Proof Trade and the Friedman Rule in the Lagos-Wright Model," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 117(1), pages 116-137, 02.
  12. Deviatov Alexei & Wallace Neil, 2001. "Another Example in which Lump-sum Money Creation is Beneficial," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-22, February.
  13. Chae, Suchan, 2002. "Tax incidence with bargaining," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 199-204, October.
  14. Scott Freeman & Joseph H. Haslag, 1995. "Should bank reserves earn interest?," Economic and Financial Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Q IV, pages 25-33.
  15. Miguel Molico, 2006. "The Distribution Of Money And Prices In Search Equilibrium," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 47(3), pages 701-722, 08.
  16. George S. Tolley, 1957. "Providing for Growth of the Money Supply," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65, pages 465.
  17. Andolfatto, David, 2008. "Essential Interest-Bearing Money (2008)," MPRA Paper 8565, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  18. Robert E. Lucas, Jr., 2000. "Inflation and Welfare," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(2), pages 247-274, March.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Williamson, Stephen D. & Wright, Randall, 2010. "New Monetarist Economics: Models," MPRA Paper 21030, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Pedro Gomis-Porqueras & Daniel R. Sanches, 2010. "Optimal monetary policy in a model of money and credit," Working Papers 11-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  3. Fernando M. Martin, 2013. "Government Policy In Monetary Economies," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 54(1), pages 185-217, 02.
  4. Tao Peng, 2012. "A Note on the implementation of the Pareto efficient allocation in the Lagos-Wright model," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(1), pages 27-36.
  5. University of Notre Dame & Christopher Waller, 2008. "Dynamic Taxation, Private Information and Money," 2008 Meeting Papers 896, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  6. Moritz Ritter, 2010. "The Optimum Quantity of Money Revisited: Distortionary Taxation in a Search Model of Money," DETU Working Papers 1005, Department of Economics, Temple University.
  7. Pedro Gomis-Porqueras & Benoit Julien & Chengsi Wang, 2010. "Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policies in a Search-Theoretic Model of Money and Unemployment," Discussion Papers 2010-23, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
  8. Nicolas L. Jacquet & Serene Tan, 2011. "Money, Bargaining, and Risk Sharing," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43, pages 419-442, October.
  9. Begoña Dominguez & Pedro Gomis-Porqueras, 2012. "On the Time Inconsistency of Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policies With Many Consumer Goods," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series 31-12, Monash University, Department of Economics.

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