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Trends in poverty and inequality among Hispanics

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  • Pia Orrenius
  • Madeline Zavodny

Abstract

Since the 1970s, the poverty rate has remained largely unchanged among Hispanics but has declined among non-Hispanic whites and blacks, particularly before the onset of the recent recession. The influx of large numbers of immigrants partially explains why poverty rates have not fallen over time among Hispanics> ; In 2009, Hispanics were more than twice as likely to be poor than non-Hispanic whites. Lower average English ability, low levels of educational attainment, part-time employment, the youthfulness of Hispanic household heads, and the 2007–09 recession are important factors that have pushed up the Hispanic poverty rate relative to non-Hispanic whites. In addition, income inequality is greater among Hispanics than among non- Hispanic whites, although lower than among non-Hispanic blacks. Income inequality is lower among foreign-born Hispanics than among Hispanic natives.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas in its series Working Papers with number 1109.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:fip:feddwp:1109

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Keywords: Immigrants ; Education ; Employment ; Income;

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  1. Brian Duncan & Stephen Trejo, 2009. "Ancestry versus Ethnicity: The Complexity and Selectivity of Mexican Identification in the United States," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0901, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Pia M. Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, 2010. "Mexican Immigrant Employment Outcomes over the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 316-20, May.
  3. Ewing Bradley T. & Reyes Angel L & Thompson Mark A & Wetherbe James C, 2008. "Examination and Comparison of Hispanic and White Unemployment Rates," Journal of Business Valuation and Economic Loss Analysis, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-10, October.
  4. Pia M. Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, 2007. "The minimum wage and Latino workers," Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas 0708, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  5. Trejo, Stephen J, 1997. "Why Do Mexican Americans Earn Low Wages?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(6), pages 1235-68, December.
  6. Heather Antecol & Kelly Bedard, 2004. "The Racial Wage Gap: The Importance of Labor Force Attachment Differences across Black, Mexican, and White Men," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(2).
  7. Pia M. Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, 2009. "The effects of tougher enforcement on the job prospects of recent Latin American immigrants," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(2), pages 239-257.
  8. Kossoudji, S.A. & Cobb-Clark, D.A., 1996. "Coming Out of the Shadows: Learning About Legal Status and Wages from the Legalized Population," CEPR Discussion Papers 347, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  9. John Schmitt, 2008. "Unions and Upward Mobility for Latino Workers," CEPR Reports and Issue Briefs, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) 2008-28, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).
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Cited by:
  1. Britton, Marcus L. & Shin, Heeju, 2013. "Metropolitan residential segregation and very preterm birth among African American and Mexican-origin women," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 37-45.

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