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The Racial Wage Gap: The Importance of Labor Force Attachment Differences across Black, Mexican, and White Men

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  • Heather Antecol
  • Kelly Bedard

Abstract

Labor market attachment differs significantly across young black, Mexican, and white men. Although it has long been agreed that potential experience is a poor proxy for actual experience for women, many view it as an acceptable approximation for men. Using the NLSY, this paper documents the substantial difference between potential and actual experience for both black and Mexican men. We show that the fraction of the black/ white and Mexican/white wage gaps that are explained by differences in potential experience are quite different from the fraction of the racial wage gaps that are explained by actual (real) experience differences.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 39 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:39:y:2004:i:2:p564-583

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  1. Trejo, Stephen, 2001. "Intergenerational Progress of Mexican-Origin Workers in the U.S. Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 377, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  9. Heather Antecol & Kelly Bedard, . "The Relative Earnings of Young Mexican, Black, and White Women," Claremont Colleges Working Papers, Claremont Colleges 1999-02, Claremont Colleges.
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  15. Dan Black & Amelia Haviland & Seth Sanders & Lowell Taylor, 2006. "Why Do Minority Men Earn Less? A Study of Wage Differentials among the Highly Educated," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(2), pages 300-313, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. FANG Zheng & Chris SAKELLARIOU, 2010. "Discrimination in the Equilibrium Search Model with Wage-Tenure Contracts," Economic Growth centre Working Paper Series, Nanyang Technolgical University, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Economic Growth centre 1004, Nanyang Technolgical University, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Economic Growth centre.
  2. Alexander Whalley, 2004. "Black-White Differences in the Insurance Value of Human Capital," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings, Econometric Society 575, Econometric Society.
  3. Winters, John V. & Hirsch, Barry, 2012. "An Anatomy of Racial and Ethnic Trends in Male Earnings," IZA Discussion Papers 6766, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Frenette, Marc, 2005. "Is Post-secondary Access More Equitable in Canada or the United States?," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch 2005244e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  5. Luis Locay & Tracy L. Regan & Arthur M. Diamond, Jr., 2007. "The Effects of Spanish-Language Background on Completed Schooling and Aptitude Test Scores," Working Papers, University of Miami, Department of Economics 0710, University of Miami, Department of Economics.
  6. Tracy Regan & Ronald Oaxaca, 2009. "Work experience as a source of specification error in earnings models: implications for gender wage decompositions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 463-499, April.
  7. Julie L. Hotchkiss & John C. Robertson, 2006. "Asymmetric labor force participation decisions over the business cycle: evidence from U.S. microdata," Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 2006-08, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  8. Peter McHenry & Melissa McInerney, 2012. "Are Wage Premiums for Black Women Illusory? A Critical Examination," Working Papers, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary 120, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary.
  9. Christophe Nordman & François Roubaud, 2005. "Reassessing the Gender Wage Gap: Does Labour Force Attachment Really Matter? Evidence from Matched Labour Force and Biographical Surveys in Madagascar," Working Papers, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality 16, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  10. Carlos Gradin, 2008. "Poverty among minorities in the United States: Explaining the racial poverty gap for Blacks and Latinos," Working Papers, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality 96, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  11. Pia Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, 2011. "Trends in poverty and inequality among Hispanics," Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas 1109, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  12. Flores-Lagunes, Alfonso & Gonzalez, Arturo & Neumann, Todd C., 2005. "Learning but Not Earning? The Value of Job Corps Training for Hispanic Youths," IZA Discussion Papers 1638, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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