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Product market regulation, firm size, unemployment and informality in developing economies

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  • Charlot Olivier
  • Malherbet Franck
  • Terra Cristina

    ()
    (THEMA, Universite de Cergy-Pontoise
    Universit´e de Rouen, CECO - Ecole Polytechnique, fRDB and IZA.
    THEMA, Universite de Cergy-Pontoise)

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of product and labor market regulations on informality and unemployment in a general framework where formal and informal firms are subject to the same externalities, differing only with respect to some parameter values. Both formal and informal firms have monopoly power in the goods market, they are subject to matching friction in the labor market, and wages are determined through bargaining between large firms and their workers. The informal sector is found to be endogenously more competitive than the formal one. We find that lower strictness of product or labor market regulations lead to a simultaneous reduction in informality and unemployment. The difference between these two policy options lies on their effect on wages. Lessening product market strictness increases wages in both sector but also increases the formal sector wage premium. The opposite is true for labor market regulation. Finally, we show that the so-called overhiring externality due to wage bargaining translates into a smaller relative size of the informal sector.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 2011-03.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2011-03

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Keywords: Informality; Product and Labor Market Imperfections; Firm Size;

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  1. Pierre Cahuc & Francois Marque & Etienne Wasmer, 2008. "A Theory Of Wages And Labor Demand With Intra-Firm Bargaining And Matching Frictions," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 49(3), pages 943-972, 08.
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Cited by:
  1. Charlot, Olivier & Malherbet, Franck & Ulus, Mustafa, 2013. "Unemployment Compensation and the Allocation of Labor in Developing Countries," GIAM Working Papers, Galatasaray University Economic Research Center 13-3, Galatasaray University Economic Research Center.
  2. Basu, Arnab K & Chau, Nancy H & Kanbur, Ravi, 2011. "Contractual Dualism, Market Power and Informality," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8485, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Therese REBIERE, 2011. "Informal labor market and access to education in developing economies," EcoMod2011 2861, EcoMod.

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