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Agricultural returns and conflict: quasi-experimental evidence from a policy intervention programme in Rwanda

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  • Florence Kondylis

Abstract

In 1997 Rwanda introduced a re-settlement policy for refugees displaced during previous conflicts. We exploit geographic variation in the speed of implementation of this policy to investigate the impact of conflict-induced displacement and the re-settlement policy on household agricultural output and on skill spill-over mechanisms between returnees and stayers. We find that returns to on-farm labour are higher for returnees relative to stayers, although the evidence suggests that the policy contributed little additional effect to this differential. More speculatively, these differentials suggest that, upon return from conflictinduced exile, returnees are more motivated to increase their economic performance.

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File URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/19878/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library in its series LSE Research Online Documents on Economics with number 19878.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:19878

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Related research

Keywords: Microeconomic cost of conflict; migrations; land redistribution; instrumental variable quantile regressions;

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References

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  1. Andrew B. Bernard & Stephen J. Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2009. "Products and Productivity," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 111(4), pages 681-709, December.
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  3. Ravi Bhavanani & David Backer, 1999. "Localized Ethnic Conflict and Genocide: Accounting for Differences in Rwanda and Burundi," Working Papers, Santa Fe Institute 99-07-053, Santa Fe Institute.
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  6. Powell, James L., 1986. "Censored regression quantiles," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 143-155, June.
  7. Christopher Blattman, 2006. "The Consequences of Child Soldiering," HiCN Working Papers 22, Households in Conflict Network.
  8. Besley, Timothy & Case, Anne, 1993. "Modeling Technology Adoption in Developing Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 396-402, May.
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  13. Gilles Duranton & Michael Storper, 2005. "Rising trade costs?: agglomeration and trade with endogenous transaction costs," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 19898, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  14. Florence Kondylis, 2005. "Agricultural Returns and Conflict: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from a Policy Intervention Programme in Rwanda," CEP Discussion Papers dp0709, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  15. Edward Miguel & Shanker Satyanath & Ernest Sergenti, 2004. "Economic Shocks and Civil Conflict: An Instrumental Variables Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(4), pages 725-753, August.
  16. Deininger, Klaus, 2003. "Causes and consequences of civil strife - micro-level evidence from Uganda," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3045, The World Bank.
  17. Cutler, David M & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Are Ghettos Good or Bad?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 112(3), pages 827-72, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Patricia Justino, 2009. "The Impact of Armed Civil Conflict on Household Welfare and Policy Responses," Research Working Papers, MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict 12, MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict.
  2. Florence Kondylis, 2008. "Agricultural Outputs and Conflict Displacement: Evidence from a Policy Intervention in Rwanda," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 57(1), pages 31-66, October.
  3. Florence Kondylis, 2007. "Conflict-induced displacement and labour market outcomes: evidence from post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 19670, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  4. Florence Kondylis, 2005. "Agricultural returns and conflict: quasi-experimental evidence from a policy intervention programme in Rwanda," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 19878, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  5. Patricia Justino, 2006. "On the Links between Violent Conflict and Chronic Poverty: How Much Do We Really Know?," HiCN Working Papers 18, Households in Conflict Network.

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