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Structural Change in Transition Economies: Does Foreign Aid Matter?

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Author Info

  • Mohsen Fardmanesh

    ()
    (Temple University)

  • Li Tan

    (American International Group)

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    Abstract

    This paper addresses whether the initial declines in the manufacturing and real wages in transition economies were anything unexpected to justify policy reversal, and whether the “often-recommended” foreign aid would have helped them curb these declines in any significant way. It answers these questions with the help of a two-sector three-factor small open economy model and simulation exercises. It concludes that, given the relative price distortions and the market disequilibria that transition economies inherited from their planning era, the initial declines in their manufacturing and real wages are to be mostly expected. Foreign aid, whose impact is noticeable only when it is in excess of 5% of GDP, does not curb the decline in their real wages in any measurable way and exacerbates the decline in their manufacturing by a few percent.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Economic Growth Center, Yale University in its series Working Papers with number 982.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:egc:wpaper:982

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    Related research

    Keywords: liberalization; structural adjustment; transition economies; East European economies; Soviet Republics; foreign aid;

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    References

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    1. Calvo, Guillermo A & Coricelli, Fabrizio, 1992. "Stagflationary Effects of Stabilization Programs in Reforming Socialist Countries: Enterprise-Side and Household-Side Factors," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 6(1), pages 71-90, January.
    2. Berndt, Ernst R & Wood, David O, 1975. "Technology, Prices, and the Derived Demand for Energy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(3), pages 259-68, August.
    3. Stanley Fischer, 1991. "Economic Reform in the USS and the Role of Aid," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(2), pages 289-302.
    4. Fardmanesh, Mohsen & Tan, Li, 2003. "Wage and price control policies in transition economies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 173-200, February.
    5. Jac C. Heckelman & Stephen Knack, 2008. "Foreign Aid and Market-Liberalizing Reform," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 75(299), pages 524-548, 08.
    6. Corden, W Max & Neary, J Peter, 1982. "Booming Sector and De-Industrialisation in a Small Open Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(368), pages 825-48, December.
    7. Goldstein, Morris & Officer, Lawrence H, 1979. "New Measures of Prices and Productivity for Tradable and Nontradable Goods," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 25(4), pages 413-27, December.
    8. Bruno, Michael & Sachs, Jeffrey, 1982. "Input Price Shocks and the Slowdown in Economic Growth: The Case of U.K. Manufacturing," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(5), pages 679-705, Special I.
    9. Michael Bruno & Jeffrey Sachs, 1982. "Input Price Shocks and the Slowdown in Economic Growth: The Case of U.K.Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 0851, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Commander, Simon, 1992. "Inflation and the Transition to a Market Economy: An Overview," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 6(1), pages 3-12, January.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. How not to model transition economies
      by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2010-02-22 15:21:00

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