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Cotisations employeurs, cotisations employés et emploi. Qui doit financer les dépenses sociales?

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Author Info

  • Frédéric GAVREL

    (CERENE, Université du Havre)

  • Isabelle LEBON

    (CERENE, Université du Havre)

Abstract

L'objet de cet article est d'étudier l'impact de la répartition de la charge des dépenses sociales entre employeurs et employés sur le coût du travail et sur l'emploi. À cet effet, on utilise un modale de négociations salariales, auquel on intègre une condition d'équilibre budgétaire des comptes sociaux. Il apparaît que l'incidence de la répartition dépend du degré de centralisation des négociations. Ainsi, si les cas polaires de décentralisation totale et de centralisation parfaite permettent de retrouver le résultat usuel de la littérature, à savoir l'absence d'effet de la répartition du financement des dépenses sociales sur l'emploi, la situation de centralisation partielle fait en revanche apparaître un impact de cette répartition. On montre alors qu'une augmentation de la part financée par les cotisations employeurs a un effet favorable sur l'emploi.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2003045.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2003045

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Related research

Keywords: Cotisations patronales; cotisations salariales; chômage d’équilibre; négociations salariales;

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  1. Lawrence H. Summers & Jonathan Gruber & Rodrigo Vergara, 1992. "Taxation and the Structure of Labor Markets: The Case of Corporatism," NBER Working Papers 4063, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Alberto Alesina & Roberto Perotti, 1994. "The Welfare State and Competitiveness," NBER Working Papers 4810, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Jean Le Dem & Brigitte Dormont, 1990. "La dimension sectorielle de la formation des salaires : une analyse comparative des industries américaine, allemande et française," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 145-152.
  4. Perotti, Roberto & Alesina, Alberto, 1997. "The Welfare State and Competitiveness," Scholarly Articles 4553027, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  5. Christopher Pissarides, 1997. "The impact of employment tax cuts on unemployment and wages : the role of unemployment benefits and tax structure," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2332, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  6. Lockwood, Ben & Manning, Alan, 1993. "Wage setting and the tax system theory and evidence for the United Kingdom," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 1-29, August.
  7. Hersoug, Tor, 1984. "Union Wage Responses to Tax Changes," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(1), pages 37-51, March.
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