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Optimal Income Taxation with Endogenous Participation and Search Unemployment

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Abstract

This paper characterizes the optimal redistributive taxation when individuals are heterogeneous in two exogenous dimensions: their skills and their values of non-market activities. Search-matching frictions on the labor markets create unemployment. Wages, labor demand and participation are endogenous. The government only observes wage levels. Under a Maximin objective, if the elasticity of participation decreases along the distribution of skills, at the optimum, the average tax rate is increasing, marginal tax rates are positive everywhere, while wages, unemployment rates and participation rates are distorted downwards compared to their laissez-faire values. A simulation exercise confirms some of these properties under a general utilitarian objective. Taking account of the wage-cum-labor demand margin deeply changes the equity-efficiency trade off.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France in its series IDEP Working Papers with number 0805.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 15 Sep 2008
Date of revision: 15 Sep 2008
Handle: RePEc:iep:wpidep:0805

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Keywords: Non-linear taxation; redistribution; adverse selection; random participation; unemployment; labor market frictions.;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Hungerbühler, Mathias & Lehmann, Etienne & Parmentier, Alexis & Van der Linden, Bruno, 2010. "A Simple Theory of Optimal Redistributive Taxation with Equilibrium Unemployment," IZA Discussion Papers 4832, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Bruno Jacquet & Etienne Lehmann & Bruno Van der Linden, 2011. "Optimal Redistributive Taxation with both Labor Supply and Labor Demand Responses," Working Papers 2011-15, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  3. Etienne Lehmann & Claudio Lucifora & Simone Moriconi & Bruno Van Der Linden, 2013. "Beyond the Labour Income Tax Wedge: The Unemployment-Reducing Effect of Tax Progressivity," Working Papers halshs-00870050, HAL.
  4. Brigitte Baalen & Tobias Müller, 2014. "Social welfare effects of tax-benefit reform under endogenous participation and unemployment: an ordinal approach," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 198-227, April.
  5. Robin Boadway, 2012. "Recent Advances in Optimal Income Taxation," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 200(1), pages 15-39, March.
  6. Frederic Gavrel, 2014. "Participation, Recruitment Selection, and the Minimum Wage," TEPP Working Paper 2014-02, TEPP.
  7. Laurence Jacquet & Etienne Lehmann & Bruno Linden, 2014. "Optimal income taxation with Kalai wage bargaining and endogenous participation," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 381-402, February.

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