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Sticky Prices and Monetary Policy: Evidence from Disaggregated US Data

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  • Boivin, Jean
  • Giannoni, Marc
  • Mihov, Ilian

Abstract

This paper disentangles fluctuations in disaggregated prices due to macroeconomic and sectoral conditions using a factor-augmented vector autoregression estimated on a large data set. On the basis of this estimation, we establish eight facts: (1) Macroeconomic shocks explain only about 15% of sectoral inflation fluctuations; (2) The persistence of sectoral inflation is driven by macroeconomic factors; (3) While disaggregated prices respond quickly to sector-specific shocks, their responses to aggregate shocks are small on impact and larger thereafter; (4) Most prices respond with a significant delay to identified monetary policy shocks, and show little evidence of a 'price puzzle'' contrary to existing studies based on traditional VARs; (5) Categories in which consumer prices fall the most following a monetary policy shock tend to be those in which quantities consumed fall the least; (6) The observed dispersion in the reaction of producer prices is relatively well explained by the degree of market power; (7) Prices in sectors with volatile idiosyncratic shocks react rapidly to aggregate monetary policy shocks; (8) The sector-specific components of prices and quantities move in opposite directions.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6101.

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Date of creation: Feb 2007
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6101

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Keywords: factor-augmented VAR; monetary policy; price stickiness;

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