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Institutions, Trade Policy and Trade Flows

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  • Jansen, Marion
  • Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik

Abstract

This Paper analyses to which extent domestic institutions affect trade flows. We use two complementary approaches, one focusing on the size of total trade flows and one focusing on bilateral trade patterns (gravity equation). We also control for two other domestic policy variables: trade policy and domestic infrastructure. We find that the quality of institutions has a positive and significant impact on a country’s level of openness. Domestic tariffs have no statistically significant impact alone, but do affect total trade flows when combined with good institutions. Domestic institutions also have a positive and significant impact on bilateral trade flows, but the parameter of our institution variables is reduced by almost a half and may turn insignificant when the quality of domestic infrastructure is included in the regression.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4418.

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Date of creation: Jun 2004
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4418

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Related research

Keywords: bilateral trade flows; gravity model; institutional quality; openness;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tomasz Iwanow & Colin Kirkpatrick, 2007. "Trade facilitation, regulatory quality and export performance," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(6), pages 735-753.
  2. Gert-Jan M. Linders & Arjen Slangen & Henri L.F. de Groot & Sjoerd Beugelsdijk, 2005. "Cultural and Institutional Determinants of Bilateral Trade Flows," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-074/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. World Bank, 2012. "Afghanistan Diagnostics Trade Integration Study," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13215, The World Bank.
  4. FE, Doukouré Charles, 2011. "Qualité des Institutions et Commerce International: Évidence à Partir des Exportations de l'UEMOA
    [Institutions Quality and International Trade: Evidence from WAEMU Exports]
    ," MPRA Paper 33333, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Kyvik Nord°as, Hildegunn, 2005. "Labour implications of the textiles and clothing quota phase-out," ILO Working Papers 374452, International Labour Organization.
  6. Zsoka Koczan & Alexander Plekhanov, 2013. "How important are non-tariff barriers? Complementarity of infrastructure and institutions of trading partners," Working Papers 159, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist.
  7. Sugata Marjit & Biswajit Mandal, . "Corruption and Trade in General Equilibrium," Discussion Papers 08/15, University of Nottingham, GEP.
  8. Celbis, Mehmet Güney & Nijkamp, Peter & Poot, Jacques, 2013. "How big is the impact of infrastructure on trade? Evidence from meta-analysis," MERIT Working Papers 032, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).

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