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The Seven Percent Solution? An International Perspective On Underwriting Spreads

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  • Ljungqvist, Alexander P
  • Wilhelm Jr, William J

Abstract

Non-US firms frequently pay a substantial premium to have a US bank lead their initial public offering of equity, even when the issuing firm is not seeking a listing on a US exchange. We provide evidence that this decision reflects an expectation that US banks deliver a higher quality bundle of underwriting services. Specifically, a non-US issuing firm that includes a US bank in its underwriting syndicate can expect to have its offering underpriced by 17.7% less than had it not included a US bank in the syndicate. Failure to account for the endogeneity of the decision to hire a US bank vastly understates the magnitude of the effect. This finding has direct implications for the claim that US bank spreads for domestic IPOs are above competitive levels.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 2736.

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Date of creation: Mar 2001
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2736

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Keywords: Initial Public Offerings; Investment Banking; Underwriting Spreads;

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References

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  1. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  2. Habib, Michel A & Ljungqvist, Alexander P, 2001. "Underpricing and Entrepreneurial Wealth Losses in IPOs: Theory and Evidence," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 14(2), pages 433-58.
  3. Persons, John C & Warther, Vincent A, 1997. "Boom and Bust Patterns in the Adoption of Financial Innovations," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 10(4), pages 939-67.
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  8. Sherman, Ann E. & Titman, Sheridan, 2002. "Building the IPO order book: underpricing and participation limits with costly information," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 3-29, July.
  9. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
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  13. Benveniste, Lawrence M. & Busaba, Walid Y., 1997. "Bookbuilding vs. Fixed Price: An Analysis of Competing Strategies for Marketing IPOs," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(04), pages 383-403, December.
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  18. DeAngelo, Linda Elizabeth, 1981. "Auditor independence, `low balling', and disclosure regulation," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 113-127, August.
  19. Nanda, Vikram & Yun, Youngkeol, 1997. "Reputation and Financial Intermediation: An Empirical Investigation of the Impact of IPO Mispricing on Underwriter Market Value," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 39-63, January.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michael Stolpe, 2004. "Europe's Entry into the Venture Capital Business: Efficiency and Policy," Kiel Working Papers 1223, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Jenkinson, Tim & Ljungqvist, Alexander P & Wilhelm Jr, William J, 2000. "Has the Introduction of Bookbuilding Increased the Efficiency of International IPOs?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2484, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Michael Stolpe, 2003. "Learning and Signalling in the French and German Venture Capital Industries," Kiel Working Papers 1156, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  4. Kedar S. Kulkarni & Tarun Sabarwal, 2004. "To what extent are investment bank-differentiating factors relevant for firms floating moderate-sized IPOs?," Finance 0410005, EconWPA, revised 04 Mar 2005.
  5. Jean-Marc Suret & Maher Kooli, 2002. "How cost-effective are Canadian IPO markets?," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-83, CIRANO.

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