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The Seven Percent Solution? An International Perspective on Underwriting Spreads

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  • Alexander P. Ljungqvist
  • William J. Wilhelm

    ()

Abstract

Non-U.S. firms frequently pay a substantial premium to have a U.S. bank lead their initial public offering of equity, even when the issuing firm is not seeking a listing on a U.S. exchange. We provide evidence that this decision reflects an expectation that U.S. banks deliver a higher quality bundle of underwriting services. Specifically, a non-U.S. issuing firm that includes a U.S. bank in its underwriting syndicate can expect to have its offering underpriced by 17.7 percentage points less than had it not included a U.S. bank in the syndicate. Failure to account for the endogeneity of the decision to hire a U.S. bank vastly understates the magnitude of the effect. This finding has direct implications for the claim that U.S. bank spreads for domestic IPOs are above competitive levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander P. Ljungqvist & William J. Wilhelm, 1999. "The Seven Percent Solution? An International Perspective on Underwriting Spreads," OFRC Working Papers Series 1999fe11, Oxford Financial Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:sbs:wpsefe:1999fe11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kedar Kulkarni & Tarun Sabarwal, 2007. "To what extent are investment bank-differentiating factors relevant for firms floating moderate-sized IPOs?," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 3(3), pages 297-327, July.
    2. Stolpe, Michael, 2003. "Learning and signalling in the French and German venture capital industries," Kiel Working Papers 1156, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    3. Jenkinson, Tim & Ljungqvist, Alexander P. & Wilhelm Jr, William J, 2000. "Has the Introduction of Bookbuilding Increased the Efficiency of International IPOs?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2484, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Jean-Marc Suret & Maher Kooli, 2002. "How cost-effective are Canadian IPO markets?," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-83, CIRANO.
    5. Stolpe, Michael, 2004. "Europe's entry into the venture capital business: efficiency and policy," Kiel Working Papers 1223, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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