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Testing the ‘home market effect’ in a multi-country world

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  • BEHRENS, Kristian
  • LAMORGESE, Andrea R.
  • OTTAVIANO, Gianmarco I.P.
  • TABUCHI, Takatoshi

Abstract

We extend Krugman's (1980) two-country two-sector model to a setup with arbitrary numbers of countries and sectors. The extended model predicts an adequately defined "home market effect" only after controlling for cross-country differential accessibility through a theory-based linear filter. We bring that prediction to data by running a battery of non-parametric sign- and rank-tests that are closely related to those used in factor proportions theory. When applied to production and trade data on a cross-section of OECD and non-OECD countries, we find support for the presence of "home market effects" in a broad number of industries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2005055.

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Date of creation: 00 Sep 2005
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2005055

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Related research

Keywords: home market effect; new trade theory; multi-country models; market potential; economic geography;

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References

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  1. Gordon H. Hanson & Chong Xiang, 2002. "The Home Market Effect and Bilateral Trade Patterns," NBER Working Papers 9076, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Marius BRÜLHART & Federico TRIONFETTI, 2001. "A Test of Trade Theories when Expenditure is Home Biased," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 01.11, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
  3. Donald R. Davis & David E. Weinstein, 1997. "Economic Geography and Reginal Production Structure: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 6093, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Deardorff, Alan V., 1984. "Testing trade theories and predicting trade flows," Handbook of International Economics, in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 10, pages 467-517 Elsevier.
  8. Head, Charles Keith & Mayer, Thierry & Ries, John, 2002. "On the Pervasiveness of Home Market Effects," CEPR Discussion Papers 3454, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Davis, Donald R. & Weinstein, David E., 2003. "Market access, economic geography and comparative advantage: an empirical test," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 1-23, January.
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  14. Behrens, Kristian & Lamorgese, Andrea & Ottaviano, Gianmarco Ireo Paolo & Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 2004. "Testing the Home Market Effect in a Multi-Country World: The Theory," CEPR Discussion Papers 4468, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  18. Harry P. Bowen & Edward E. Leamer & Leo Sveikauskas, 1986. "Multicountry, Multifactor Tests of the Factor Abundance Theory," NBER Working Papers 1918, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  24. Yong_Seok Choi & Pravin Krishna, 2000. "The Factor Content of Bilateral Trade:an Empirical Test," Working Papers 2000-11, Brown University, Department of Economics.
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