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The Awakening Of An Andean Tiger: Can Colombia´s Recent Growth Create Enough Employment?


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  • Andres Escobar Espinosa


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    El crecimiento económico estuvo en ascenso en Colombia, alcanzando y sobrepasando tasas del 6% durante 2006 y 2007. ¿El crecimiento económico ha sido suficiente para absorber a los trabajadores colombianos? El denominado crecimiento sin empleo" parece estar presente en la historia reciente de Colombia. En el transcurso del tiempo, periodos de alto crecimiento económico estuvieron asociados con el aumento del empleo. Durante periodos de alto crecimiento (1974-80 y 1985-1994), el incremento en un punto porcentual del PIB manufacturero colombiano representó un incremento de 0.3 a 0.5 puntos porcentuales en la creación de empleo. Sin embargo, durante el periodo reciente de recuperación económica (2001-2005), el empleo permanente en el sector industrial simplemente se redujo. El crecimiento de las pequeñas empresas, en particular, aquellas involucradas en la industria liviana y pesada, y enfocadas al mercado nacional, representa el segmento de la economía con incrementos en el empleo durante el último periodo."

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    Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA in its series REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO with number 007085.

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    Length: 0
    Date of creation: 10 Jun 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:col:000407:007085

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    1. Juan Carlos Echeverry & Mauricio Santamaria, 2004. "The Political Economy Of Labor Reform In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 003618, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    2. Marcela Meléndez & Katja Seim & Pablo Medina, 2003. "Productivity Dynamics Of The Colombian Manufacturing Sector," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 003390, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    3. Luis Eduardo Fajardo & Juan Carlos Guataquí, 2000. "La corte constitucional y la flexibilidad del mercado laboral," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 2(3), pages 80-103, July-dece.
    4. Mauricio Cardenas & Raquel Bernal, 2003. "Determinants of Labor Demand in Colombia: 1976-1996," NBER Working Papers 10077, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Rómulo A.Chumacero & J.Rodrigo Fuentes, 2006. "Economic growth in Latin America: structural breaks or fundamentals," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 33(2 Year 20), pages 141-154, December.
    6. Maurizio Bussolo & Jann Lay, 2003. "Globalisation and Poverty Changes in Colombia," OECD Development Centre Working Papers, OECD Publishing 226, OECD Publishing.
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